Research Paper

Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 405, Issue 23, pp 7347-7355

Investigating the rapid diagnosis of gliomas from serum samples using infrared spectroscopy and cytokine and angiogenesis factors

  • James R. HandsAffiliated withCentre for Materials Science, Division of Chemistry, University of Central Lancashire
  • , Peter AbelAffiliated withSchool of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire Email author 
  • , Katherine AshtonAffiliated withDepartment of Pathology, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Royal Preston Hospital
  • , Timothy DawsonAffiliated withDepartment of Pathology, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Royal Preston Hospital
  • , Charles DavisAffiliated withDepartment of Pathology, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Royal Preston Hospital
  • , Robert W LeaAffiliated withSchool of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire
  • , Alastair J S McIntoshAffiliated withCentre for Materials Science, Division of Chemistry, University of Central LancashireDepartment of Chemistry, Imperial College London
  • , Matthew J BakerAffiliated withCentre for Materials Science, Division of Chemistry, University of Central Lancashire Email author 

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

The ability to diagnose brain cancer rapidly from serum samples is of great interest; such a diagnosis would allow for rapid testing and time to results providing a responsive diagnostic environment, ability to monitor treatment efficacy, early detection of recurrent tumours and screening techniques. Current methods rely upon subjective, time-consuming tests such as histological grading and are particularly invasive with the diagnostic test requiring hospitalisation of 2–3 days. A rapid diagnostic method based upon serum samples would allow for a relatively non-invasive test and open up the possibility of screening for brain cancer. We report for the first time the use of a Bioplex immunoassay to provide cytokine and angiogenesis factor levels that differ between serum from glioma and non-cancer patients specifically angiopoietin, follistatin, HGF, IL-8, leptin, PDGF-BB and PECAM-1 providing sensitivities and specificities as high as 88 % and 81 %, respectively. We also report, for the first time, the use of serum ATR-FTIR combined with a RBF SVM for the diagnosis of gliomas from non-cancer patients with sensitivities and specificities as high as 87.5 % and 100 %, respectively. We describe the combination of these techniques in an orthogonal diagnostic regime, providing strength to the diagnosis through data combinations, in a rapid diagnostic test within 5 h from serum collection (10 min for ATR-FTIR and 4 h for the Bioplex Immunoassay). This regime has the ability to revolutionise the clinical environment by providing objective measures for diagnosis allowing for increased efficiency with corresponding decreases in mortality, morbidity and economic impact upon the health services.

http://static-content.springer.com/image/art%3A10.1007%2Fs00216-013-7163-z/MediaObjects/216_2013_7163_Figa_HTML.gif
Figure

Keywords

Infrared Orthogonal Rapid Glioma Cytokines Angiogenesis