Paper in Forefront

Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 397, Issue 2, pp 423-432

First online:

Marine mammal blubber reference and control materials for use in the determination of halogenated organic compounds and fatty acids

  • John R. KucklickAffiliated withThe National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Hollings Marine Laboratory Email author 
  • , Michele M. SchantzAffiliated withNIST, Analytical Chemistry Division
  • , Rebecca S. PughAffiliated withThe National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Hollings Marine Laboratory
  • , Barbara J. PorterAffiliated withNIST, Analytical Chemistry Division
  • , Dianne L. PosterAffiliated withNIST, Analytical Chemistry Division
  • , Paul R. BeckerAffiliated withThe National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Hollings Marine Laboratory
  • , Teri K. RowlesAffiliated withNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service
  • , Stefan LeighAffiliated withNIST, Analytical Chemistry Division
  • , Stephen A. WiseAffiliated withNIST, Analytical Chemistry Division

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The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has a diverse collection of control materials derived from marine mammal blubber, fat, and serum. Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1945 Organics in Whale Blubber was recertified for polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, organochlorine pesticides, and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners. SRM 1945 has also been assigned mass fraction values for compounds not frequently determined in marine samples including toxaphene congeners, coplanar PCBs, and methoxylated PBDE congeners which are natural products. NIST also has assigned mass fraction values, as a result of interlaboratory comparison exercises, for PCB congeners, organochlorine pesticides, PBDE congeners, and fatty acids in six homogenate materials produced from marine mammal blubber or serum. The materials are available from NIST upon request; however, the supply is very limited for some of the materials. The materials include those obtained from pilot whale blubber (Homogenates III and IV), Blainville’s beaked whale blubber (Homogenate VII), polar bear fat (Homogenate VI), and California sea lion serum (Marine Mammal Control Material-1 Serum) and blubber (Homogenate V).


Persistent organic pollutants Reference materials Marine mammal Fatty acids