Archives of Toxicology

, Volume 85, Issue 10, pp 1209–1218

The association between bladder cancer and a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs2854744) in the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) gene


    • Private Practice of Urology and Andrology
  • Nayyer Shafiei
    • Private Practice of Urology and Andrology
  • Shiva H. Safarinejad
    • Private Practice of Urology and Andrology

DOI: 10.1007/s00204-011-0671-8

Cite this article as:
Safarinejad, M.R., Shafiei, N. & Safarinejad, S.H. Arch Toxicol (2011) 85: 1209. doi:10.1007/s00204-011-0671-8


Insulin-like growth factors (IGF) regulate growth and development and enhance cellular proliferation. IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) inhibits IGF action by competitively binding IGFs that prevents their binding to the IGF cell surface receptor. Altered expression and serum levels of IGFBP-3 are associated with a number of malignancies. Study addressing the effect of IGFBP-3 gene polymorphism on bladder cancer is lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of -202 A/C polymorphism of IGFBP-3 gene on development of bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and its correlation with serum concentration of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 and with clinicopathological characteristics. One single nucleotide polymorphism (rs2854744) was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR–RLFP) technique. One hundred and sixty-two bladder cancer patients were genotyped for this SNP. The genotypes were compared with those of a random sample of 324 age-matched controls of the general population. Serum levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were also determined. We found statistically significant differences in the genotypic distribution between the cases and the control subject (χ2 = 6.43, df = 2.0, P = 0.028). Using CC genotype as a reference, the odds ratio for the subjects with AC genotype was 1.76 (95% CI: 1.27–2.84; P = 0.038). We detected a significantly decreased risk of bladder cancer associated with the AA genotype (adjusted OR = 0.48; 95% CI = 0.24–0.64; P = 0.001) compared with the CC genotype. This decreased risk was more pronounced for invasive bladder cancer. Age-adjusted mean serum IGFBP-3 levels were lowest in the individuals with the CC genotype. We found a positive correlation between age-adjusted serum IGFBP-3 levels and circulating IGF-1 concentrations (16% difference in IGFBP-3 in top vs. bottom tertiles of IGF-1, P for trend = 0.001), which was comparable across genotypes at the -202 IGFBP-3 locus (interaction term, F = 0.10, P = 0.87). Genetic polymorphism of the IGFBP-3 gene may be involved in the etiology of bladder TCC, and our results need further confirmation by larger studies.


Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3PolymorphismUrogenital cancerBladder neoplasmsGenetic variation

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© Springer-Verlag 2011