Relationship between bone quantitative ultrasound and mortality: a prospective study
- J. González-MacíasAffiliated withDepartment of Internal Medicine, Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla, University of Cantabria Email author
- , F. MarínAffiliated withDepartment of Medical Research, Eli Lilly and Company
- , J. VilaAffiliated withStatistics Support Unit, Institut Municipal d’Investigació Mèdica (IMIM)
- , E. CarrascoAffiliated withCentro de Salud Abarán
- , P. BenavidesAffiliated withCentro de Salud Pumarín
- , M. V. CastellAffiliated withCentro de Salud Peñagrande
- , J. E. MagañaAffiliated withCentro de Salud Estación
- , F. ChavidaAffiliated withCentro de Salud de Brihuega
- , A. Díez-PérezAffiliated withDepartment of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario del Mar, Autonomous University
- and 1 more
- , for the ECOSAP investigators
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In a cohort of 5,201 women [72.3 ± 5.3 years] from 58 primary care centers in Spain, followed for three years, no relationship between heel QUS parameters and overall mortality was found. However, a significant relationship between a low speed of sound (SOS) and vascular mortality was observed.
An inverse relationship between mortality and bone mineral density measured by dual-energy absorption densitometry or quantitative bone ultrasound (QUS) has been described. The aim of the present study was to test this relationship in the ECOSAP cohort, a 3-year prospective study designed to assess the ability of heel QUS and clinical risk factors to predict non-vertebral fracture risk in women over 64.
A cohort of 5,201 women [72.3 ± 5.3 years] was studied. QUS was assessed with the Sahara® bone sonometer. Women attended follow-up visits every 6 months. Physicians recorded if the patient died and cause of death. Hazard rates (HR) of all-cause and vascular mortality per one standard deviation reduction in QUS parameters were determined.
One hundred (1.9%) women died during a median of 36.1 months follow-up, for a total of 14,999 patient-years, 42 because of vascular events (both cardiovascular and cerebrovascular). After adjusting for age, none of the QUS variables showed statistically significant differences between the patients who died and the survivors. In the final multivariate model, adjusted for age, current thyroxine and hypoglycaemic drug use, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and decreased visual acuity, SOS was marginally non-significant: (HR: 1.19; 0.97–1.45). However, each 1 SD reduction in SOS was associated with a 39% increase in vascular mortality (HR: 1.39; 1.15–1.66).
In our cohort, SOS was related with vascular mortality, but not overall mortality.
KeywordsBone densitometry Bone ultrasound Menopause Mortality Osteoporosis Vascular
- Relationship between bone quantitative ultrasound and mortality: a prospective study
Volume 20, Issue 2 , pp 257-264
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- Bone densitometry
- Bone ultrasound
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- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla, University of Cantabria, 39008, Santander, Cantabria, Spain
- 2. Department of Medical Research, Eli Lilly and Company, Madrid, Spain
- 3. Statistics Support Unit, Institut Municipal d’Investigació Mèdica (IMIM), Barcelona, Spain
- 4. Centro de Salud Abarán, Murcia, Spain
- 5. Centro de Salud Pumarín, Oviedo, Spain
- 6. Centro de Salud Peñagrande, Madrid, Spain
- 7. Centro de Salud Estación, Talavera de la Reina, Toledo, Spain
- 8. Centro de Salud de Brihuega, Brihuega, Guadalajara, Spain
- 9. Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario del Mar, Autonomous University, Barcelona, Spain