The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology

, Volume 43, Issue 7, pp 731-743

First online:

Influence of roughness parameters and surface texture on friction during sliding of pure lead over 080 M40 steel

  • Pradeep L. MenezesAffiliated withDepartment of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science
  • , KishoreAffiliated withDepartment of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science
  • , Satish V. KailasAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science Email author 

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In the present investigation, tests were conducted on a tribological couple made of cylindrical lead pin with spherical tip against 080 M40 steel plates of different textures with varying roughness under both dry and lubricated conditions using an inclined pin-on-plate sliding tester. Surface roughness parameters of the steel plates were measured using optical profilometer. The morphologies of the worn surfaces of the pins and the formation of transfer layer on the counter surfaces were observed using a scanning electron microscope. It was observed that the coefficient of friction and the formation of transfer layer depend primarily on the surface texture of hard surfaces. A newly formulated non-dimensional hybrid roughness parameter called ‘ξ’ (a product of number of peaks and maximum profile peak height) of the tool surface plays an important role in determining the frictional behaviour of the surfaces studied. The effect of surfaces texture on coefficient of friction was attributed to the variation of plowing component of friction, which in turn depends on the roughness parameter ‘ξ’.


Friction Surface texture Transfer layer Roughness parameters