Original Paper

The Annals of Regional Science

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 479-494

First online:

Start-ups and firm in-migration: evidence from the Swedish wholesale industry

  • Sven-Olov DaunfeldtAffiliated withHUI ResearchDepartment of Economics, Dalarna University Email author 
  • , Niklas ElertAffiliated withDepartment of Economics, Dalarna UniversityThe Ratio Institute
  • , Niklas RudholmAffiliated withHUI ResearchDepartment of Economics, Dalarna University

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We use a data set covering 13,471 Swedish limited liability firms in the Swedish wholesale industries during 2000–2004 to ascertain the determinants of new start-ups and of in-migration of firms. Access to a large harbor, international airport or large railroad classification yard in the municipality nearly triples the number of start-ups and increases the expected number of in-migrating firms with 53 %. The presence of a university, many educated workers and low local taxes are also associated with more start-ups and firm in-migration.

JEL Classification

D22 L11 L25 L26