Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 465-493

First online:

Employment and child-care choices of single-parent families in Canada and the United States

  • Charles MichalopoulosAffiliated withManpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016, USA (Fax: +1-212-684-0832; e-mail:
  • , Philip K. RobinsAffiliated withDepartment of Economics, University of Miami, P.O. Box 248126, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA (Fax: +1-508-519-8480; e-mail:

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This paper examines employment and child-care choices of single-parent families with young children in the United States and Canada, using a pooled data set based on recent national surveys in each country. We find that the employment and child-care choices of Canadian families are similar to those of U.S. families. Estimates of a model of employment and child-care choices indicate significant effects of child-care subsidies, child-care prices, and wage rates on employment and child-care choices.

JEL classification: J13 J22
Key words: Child care subsidies labour supply