Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 903-932

First online:

Parental time and working schedules

  • Benoît RapoportAffiliated withUniversity of Paris I-Panthéon Sorbonne, Maison des Sciences Economiques Email author 
  • , Céline Le BourdaisAffiliated withDepartment of Sociology, McGill University

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This paper investigates the effects of working schedules and of other characteristics (including family composition) on the time devoted by mothers and fathers to different activities with children in Canadian households, by using 1992 and 1998 Canadian Time Use Surveys. Switching regression models and models with selection allow us to simultaneously model labour market participation, type of work schedules and allocation of parental time. Working time has a negative and very significant effect on parental time. Hours worked during the day or at night exert a similar effect on parental time, but the impact of hours worked in the evening is by far larger. Time worked in the evening mainly decreases leisure and social activities with children.


Parental time Switching regression models Working schedules

JEL Classification

C3 J13 J22