Article

Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

, Volume 84, Issue 6, pp 647-651

Correlation Between Pesticide Use in Agriculture and Adverse Birth Outcomes in Brazil: An Ecological Study

  • Marília Teixeira de SiqueiraAffiliated withInstituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando FigueiraFaculdade de Ciencias Medicas, Universidade de PernambucoSecretaria de Saude do Estado de Pernambuco Email author 
  • , Cynthia BragaAffiliated withInstituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando FigueiraCentro de Pesquisa Aggeu Magalhaes, Fundaçao Oswaldo Cruz
  • , José Eulálio Cabral-FilhoAffiliated withInstituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira
  • , Lia Giraldo da Silva AugustoAffiliated withFaculdade de Ciencias Medicas, Universidade de PernambucoCentro de Pesquisa Aggeu Magalhaes, Fundaçao Oswaldo Cruz
  • , José Natal FigueiroaAffiliated withInstituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira
  • , Ariani Impieri SouzaAffiliated withInstituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira

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Abstract

This ecological study analyzed the association between pesticide use and prematurity, low weight and congenital abnormality at birth, infant death by congenital abnormality, and fetal death in Brazil in 2001. Simple linear regression analysis has determined a positive association between pesticide use and prematurity, low birth weight, and congenital abnormality. The association between pesticide use and low birth weight (p = 0.045) and, congenital abnormality (p = 0.004) and infant death rate by congenital abnormality (p = 0.039) remained after the adjustment made by the proportion of pregnant women with a low number of prenatal care visits.

Keywords

Pesticides Birth weight Preterm birth Birth defect