Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 34, Issue 8, pp 399–409

Selecting, developing, and evaluating research instruments

  • G. E. Switzer
  • S. R. Wisniewski
  • S. H. Belle
  • M. A. Dew
  • R. Schultz
ORIGINAL PAPER

DOI: 10.1007/s001270050161

Cite this article as:
Switzer, G., Wisniewski, S., Belle, S. et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol (1999) 34: 399. doi:10.1007/s001270050161

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to provide researchers who are not experts in psychometric theory with a concise guide to instrument selection, development and evaluation. Issues of context – factors related to the setting or population in which an instrument will be used – and psychometrics – the functioning of an instrument within a given context – are reviewed and discussed. Finally, four categories or types of instruments, and the psychometric analyses that are necessary for establishing the reliability and validity of each type, are described.

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. E. Switzer
    • 1
  • S. R. Wisniewski
    • 2
  • S. H. Belle
    • 2
  • M. A. Dew
    • 3
  • R. Schultz
    • 4
  1. 1.Departments of Medicine and Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA Tel.: +1-412-624 2520, Fax: +1-412-383 1755US
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USAUS
  3. 3.Departments of Psychiatry, Epidemiology, and Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USAUS
  4. 4.Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Sociology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USAUS