Original Paper

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 40, Issue 9, pp 725-730

Risk factors for depression in the first postnatal year

A Turkish study
  • Tacettin InandiAffiliated withDept. of Public Health, Medical Faculty of Mustafa Kemal UniversityMustafa Kemal Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Email author 
  • , Resul BugdayciAffiliated withDept. of Public Health, Medical Faculty of Mersin University
  • , Pinar DundarAffiliated withDept. of Public Health, Medical Faculty of Celal Bayar University
  • , Haldun SumerAffiliated withDept. of Public Health, Medical Faculty of Cumhuriyet University
  • , Tayyar SasmazAffiliated withDept. of Public Health, Medical Faculty of Mersin University

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Abstract

Background

The aim of the study was to identify risk factors for depression and to estimate its prevalence in postnatal mothers.

Methods

This cross-sectional and multi-centre study was carried out on 1,350 Turkish women in their first postnatal year. Measures included a structured questionnaire and the Turkish version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS).

Results

Of the women, 31.1% had a score of 13 or higher on the EPDS. The mean score and standard deviation was 9.8±5.7. In the multivariate analysis, EPDS scores were significantly associated with economic status, access to support from family members and close friends, emotional distress at the pregnancy, whether the pregnancy was planned, health problems during pregnancy, the perceived standard of baby care after delivery, and mental disorder before and during pregnancy.

Conclusion

The prevalence of EPDS-based depression among Turkish women in postnatal the period was high, and was associated with several social, economic and demographical factors.

Key words

depression postnatal risk factors Turkish women