, Volume 100, Issue 1, pp 89-95

Genetic variation and migration pathways of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait) in the Iberian peninsula

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Abstract 

The genetic variability and migration pathways of Pinus pinaster after glaciation in the Iberian peninsula was studied by means of 18 loci from 12 natural populations of the species. The analysis showed the existence of three groups of populations with different levels of diversity and patterns of recolonization. The southern Iberian group displays a high level of diversity, with a stepping-stone model of variation. The presence of rare alleles in this group and their position in the phylogenetic tree suggest the existence of refugia during glaciations in this zone. The eastern Iberian group also has high levels of diversity but is clearly separate from the first group based on their genetic distances. The Atlantic group displays a low level of diversity that could be interpreted as a rapid recolonization of the entire area by the Eastern group that has not yet developed to a divergence in this area. The southern Iberian range is indicated to be the dispersal centre of the species after the last glaciation.

Received: 15 February 1999 / Accepted: 30 April 1999