Genotypic effects on the frequency of homoeologous and homologous recombination in Brassica napus × B. carinata hybrids
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- Mason, A.S., Nelson, M.N., Castello, M. et al. Theor Appl Genet (2011) 122: 543. doi:10.1007/s00122-010-1468-5
We investigated the influence of genotype on homoeologous and homologous recombination frequency in eight different Brassica napus (AACnCn) × B. carinata (BBCcCc) interspecific hybrids (genome composition CnCcAB). Meiotic recombination events were assessed through microsatellite marker analysis of 67 unreduced microspore-derived progeny. Thirty-four microsatellite markers amplified 83 A-, B-, Cn- and Cc-genome alleles at 64 loci, of which a subset of seven markers amplifying 26 alleles could be used to determine allele copy number. Hybrid genotypes varied significantly in loss of A- and B-genome alleles (P < 0.0001), which ranged from 6 to 22% between hybrid progeny sets. Allele copy number analysis revealed 19 A–C, 3 A–B and 10 B–C duplication/deletion events attributed to homoeologous recombination. Additionally, 55 deletions and 19 duplications without an accompanying dosage change in homoeologous alleles were detected. Hybrid progeny sets varied in observed frequencies of loss, gain and exchange of alleles across the A and B genomes as well as in the diploid C genome. Self-fertility in hybrid progeny decreased as the loss of B-genome loci (but not A-genome loci) increased. Hybrid genotypes with high levels of homologous and homoeologous exchange may be exploited for genetic introgressions between B. carinata and B. napus (canola), and those with low levels may be used to develop stable synthetic Brassica allopolyploids.