Short Communication


, Volume 97, Issue 7, pp 683-687

First online:

Mammalian hairs in Early Cretaceous amber

  • Romain VulloAffiliated withUniversité de Rennes 1 Email author 
  • , Vincent GirardAffiliated withSenckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum
  • , Dany AzarAffiliated withFaculty of Sciences II, Department of Biology, Lebanese University
  • , Didier NéraudeauAffiliated withUniversité de Rennes 1 Email author 

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Two mammalian hairs have been found in association with an empty puparium in a ∼100-million-year-old amber (Early Cretaceous) from France. Although hair is known to be an ancestral, ubiquitous feature in the crown Mammalia, the structure of Mesozoic hair has never been described. In contrast to fur and hair of some Jurassic and Cretaceous mammals preserved as carbonized filaments, the exceptional preservation of the fossils described here allows for the study of the cuticular structure. Results show the oldest direct evidence of hair with a modern scale pattern. This discovery implies that the morphology of hair cuticula may have remained unchanged throughout most of mammalian evolution. The association of these hairs with a possible fly puparium provides paleoecological information and indicates peculiar taphonomic conditions.


Mammal Hair Amber Cretaceous France