Education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- von dem Knesebeck, O., Pattyn, E. & Bracke, P. Int J Public Health (2011) 56: 107. doi:10.1007/s00038-010-0202-z
- 175 Views
Variations in the association between education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries are investigated.
Analyses are based on the European Social Survey Round 3 (N = 34,443). Education was coded according to the International Standard Classification of Education. Depressive symptoms are measured by the shortened Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 8).
The results of multiple logistic regressions show that people with low education have elevated risks of experiencing a high score of depressive symptoms. Relatively large inequalities were observed among both sexes for Hungary and Slovenia, small and non-significant inequalities for Austria, Denmark, and Estonia.
The results indicate that educational inequalities in depressive symptoms are a generalized although not invariant phenomenon.