, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 107-110
Date: 21 Oct 2010

Education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries

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Abstract

Objectives

Variations in the association between education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries are investigated.

Methods

Analyses are based on the European Social Survey Round 3 (N = 34,443). Education was coded according to the International Standard Classification of Education. Depressive symptoms are measured by the shortened Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 8).

Results

The results of multiple logistic regressions show that people with low education have elevated risks of experiencing a high score of depressive symptoms. Relatively large inequalities were observed among both sexes for Hungary and Slovenia, small and non-significant inequalities for Austria, Denmark, and Estonia.

Conclusion

The results indicate that educational inequalities in depressive symptoms are a generalized although not invariant phenomenon.