Education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries
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Variations in the association between education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries are investigated.
Analyses are based on the European Social Survey Round 3 (N = 34,443). Education was coded according to the International Standard Classification of Education. Depressive symptoms are measured by the shortened Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 8).
The results of multiple logistic regressions show that people with low education have elevated risks of experiencing a high score of depressive symptoms. Relatively large inequalities were observed among both sexes for Hungary and Slovenia, small and non-significant inequalities for Austria, Denmark, and Estonia.
The results indicate that educational inequalities in depressive symptoms are a generalized although not invariant phenomenon.
- Education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries
International Journal of Public Health
Volume 56, Issue 1 , pp 107-110
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- SP Birkhäuser Verlag Basel
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- Educational inequalities
- Depressive symptoms
- International differences
- Industry Sectors