Ground States in the Spin Boson Model
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- Hasler, D. & Herbst, I. Ann. Henri Poincaré (2011) 12: 621. doi:10.1007/s00023-011-0091-6
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We prove that the Hamiltonian of the model describing a spin which is linearly coupled to a field of relativistic and massless bosons, also known as the spin-boson model, admits a ground state for small values of the coupling constant λ. We show that the ground-state energy is an analytic function of λ and that the corresponding ground state can also be chosen to be an analytic function of λ. No infrared regularization is imposed. Our proof is based on a modified version of the BFS operator theoretic renormalization analysis. Moreover, using a positivity argument we prove that the ground state of the spin-boson model is unique. We show that the expansion coefficients of the ground state and the ground-state energy can be calculated using regular analytic perturbation theory.