Article

International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 164-172

Cognitive behavioral stress management intervention improves quality of life in spanish monolingual hispanic men treated for localized prostate cancer: Results of a randomized controlled trial

  • Frank J. PenedoAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Miami, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami School of Medicine, and Miami VA Medical Center Email author 
  • , Lara TraegerAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Miami
  • , Jason DahnAffiliated withMiami VA Medical Center
  • , Ivan MoltonAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Miami
  • , Jeffrey S. GonzalezAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School/ Massachusetts General Hospital
  • , Neil SchneidermanAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Miami and Miami VA Medical Center
  • , Michael H. AntoniAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Miami, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami School of Medicine, and Miami VA Medical Center

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Abstract

Background: The efficacy of a group-based psychosocial intervention with ethnic minority health populations may depend on consideration for cultural factors that can interact with group processes. Purpose: The current study explored the efficacy of a 10-week group-based cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM) intervention that was linguistically and culturally adapted for use with Hispanic monolingual men recently treated for localized prostate carcinoma (PC). Methods: 71 Hispanic monolingual Spanish speakers were randomly assigned to a 10-week CBSM intervention or a half-day stress management seminar (control condition). Hierarchical regression was used to predict post-intervention QoL. Results: After controlling for relevant covariates, assignment to the CBSM condition significantly predicted greater physical well-being, emotional well-being, sexual functioning, and total well-being after the 10-week intervention period. Conclusions: Results suggest that participation in a culturally and linguistically adapted CBSM group intervention improved QoL in Hispanic monolingual men treated for localized PC.

Key words

cognitive-behavioral stress management prostate carcinoma quality of life group intervention Hispanics Spanish