Chemical probes into the active centre of a heme thiolate monoxygenase

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Abstract

Linalool-8-monoxygenase, a typical bacterial P-450 heme thiolase, shows a high degree of substrate specificity towards linalool. The active site of the pure enzyme has been probed with a large number of substrate analogues with systematic alterations or conformational variations in the linalool molecule. The comparison of three parameters, the mo→mos conversion of the enzyme as a result of substrate binding monitored at 392 nm, theK D of the analogues giving information about energies of association and the relative turnover as substrate have given information about the space-filling characteristics of the substrates in the enzyme cleft, the number of contacts the molecules make with the respective domains of the enzyme and the distance of the site undergoing hydroxylation from the oxygen site, respectively. The data permit the conclusion that linalool makes contact with the enzyme by hydrogen bonding with the hydroxyl group as well through hydrophobic association with all the eight carbons carrying hydrogen in the molecules.

This paper originally meant for publication in the special issue of the Proc. Chem. Sci. to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of the Academy, could unfortunately not be included, as its submission got delayed.