Studies in biogas technology. Part IV. A novel biogas plant incorporating a solar water-heater and solar still
- Amulya Kumar N. ReddyAffiliated withDepartment of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science
- , C. R. PrasadAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science
- , P. RajabapaiahAffiliated withBiogas Laboratory, ASTRA
- , S. R. C. SathyanarayanAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science
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A reduction in the heat losses from the top of the gas holder of a biogas plant has been achieved by the simple device of a transparent cover. The heat losses thus prevented have been deployed to heat a water pond formed on the roof of the gas holder. This solar-heated water is mixed with the organic input for ‘ hot-charging ’ of the biogas plant.
A thermal analysis of such a solar water-heater ‘ piggy-backing ’ on the gas holder of a biogas plant has been carried out.
To test whether the advantages indicated by the thermal analysis can be realised in practice, a biogas plant of the ASTRA design was modified to incorporate a roof-top solar water-heater. The operation of such a modified plant, even under ‘ worst case ’ onditions, shows a significant improvement in the gas yield compared to the unmodified plant. Hence, the innovation reported here may lead to drastic reductions in the sizes and therefore costs of biogas plants.
By making the transparent cover assume a tent-shape, the roof-top solar heater can serve the additional function of a solar still to yield distilled water.
The biogas plant-cum-solar water-heater-cum-solar still described here is an example of a spatially integrated hybrid device which is extremely cost-effective.
KeywordsBiogas plant solar water-heater solar still thermal analysis hot charging design modification gas yield hybrid device
- Studies in biogas technology. Part IV. A novel biogas plant incorporating a solar water-heater and solar still
Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 3 , pp 387-393
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer India
- Additional Links
- Biogas plant
- solar water-heater
- solar still
- thermal analysis
- hot charging
- design modification
- gas yield
- hybrid device
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, 560 012, Bangalore
- 2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, 560 012, Bangalore
- 3. Biogas Laboratory, ASTRA, India