Structure and interactions of aspirin-like drugs

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Abstract

A pre-requisite for the elucidation of the mechanism of action of aspirin-like drugs, which are believed to exert their pharmacological effects through the inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis, is an understanding of their molecular geometry, the non-covalent interactions they are likely to be involved in, and the geometrical and the electronic consequences of such interactions. This has been sought to be achieved through the x-ray analysis of these drug molecules and their crystalline complexes with other suitable molecules. The results obtained from such studies have been discussed in terms of specific typical examples. For instance, antipyrine can form metal and hydrogen-bonded complexes; phenylbutazone can form ionic complexes with basic molecules. Complex formation is accompanied by characteristic changes in the molecular geometry and the electronic structure in both the cases. The results obtained so far appear to indicate that the important common invariant structural features of the fenamates, deduced from crystal structures, are retained even when complexation takes place.