Developmenal Biology/Morphogenesis

In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 34-40

First online:

Effect of strictly plant-related factors on the response ofHevea brasiliensis andTheobroma Cacao nodal explants culturedIn vitro

  • L. LardetAffiliated withProgramme Hévéa, Unité BIOTROP, CIRAD-CP
  • , M. E. AguilarAffiliated withUnité de biotechnologie, Centre Agronomique Tropical pour la Recherche et l'Enseignement, CATIE
  • , N. Michaux-FerrièreAffiliated withLaboratoire d'Histo-Cytologie, Unité BIOTROP, CIRAD-GERDAT
  • , M. BerthoulyAffiliated withProgramme Cacao, Unité BIOTROP, CIRAD-CP

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Nodal cuttings (primary nodal explants) were used to initiate microcutting cultures ofHevea brasiliensis andTheobroma cacao. The physiological stage of growth reached by the branches from which the explants were taken had a considerable influence on culture initiation and response. In both species, the buds of the nodal explants taken from dormant branches (stages 11, 12 and 13 inTheobroma; stage D inHevea) revealed greater opening abilityin vitro and shoot elongation than buds taken from branches in a phase of active meristem growth inTheobroma (stages F1 and F2) or during a foliar growth phase inHevea (stage C). InHevea, the branch growth phase effect persisted into the multiplication phase when shoots developedin vitro were used as the source of secondary nodal explants. However, it disappeared during subcultures of primary nodal explants. In both species, the position of the nodes on the branch with respect to the apex also had an effect on culture initiation. The buds of nodes furthest from the apex were more likely to develop into shoots. InHevea, the position of secondary nodal explants obtained from the primary shoot was seen to vary in effect depending on growth regulator applications during primary culture. These results are analyzed in terms of variations in the balance between endogenous growth promoters/inhibitors in the buds, depending on morphogenic stages and the bud position on the branch.

Key words

rubber tree cocoa tree rhythmic growth microcuttings hormones