, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 255-269

First online:

Noise reduction with perforated three-duct muffler components

  • K Narayana RaoAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science
  • , M L MunjalAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science

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This paper describes the authors’ distributed parameter approach for derivation of closed-form expressions for the four-pole parameters of the perforated three-duct muffler components. In this method, three simultaneous second-order partial differential equations are first reduced to a set of six first-order ordinary differential equations. These equations are then uncoupled by means of a modal matrix. The resulting 6 × 6 matrix is reduced to the 2 × 2 transfer matrix using the relevant boundary conditions. This is combined with transfer matrices of other elements (upstream and downstream of this perforated element) to predict muffler performance like noise reduction, which is also measured. The correlation between experimental and theoretical values of noise reduction is shown to be satisfactory.


Mufflers noise control transfer matrix method