State and mass in Brazil
- Francisco C. Weffort
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This paper constitutes only a first attempt to analyze the power structure in Brazil. It was written for later use in research on the political conditions of development and planning in Latin America. My aim here is to propose a preliminary outline for the study of this problem. The research needed to arrive at a more concrete treatment of this subject is still being prepared in Brazil. (I am referring in particular to the studies by Paula Beiguelman and Octavio Ianni on the Old Republic (1889–1930) and on the nature of State interventions upon the economy, respectively). Indeed, Only recently have Brazilian sociologists taken an interest in the structure of national power as a specific subject of analysis. For this reason, available studies on the Brazilian State as a whole are frequently characterized by an accentuated and limiting normative prescription (I am referring in particular to the work of Hélio Jaguaribe and Guerreiro Ramos). As a result, it is not surprising that the more fruitful suggestions for the sociological interpretation of the State are not found in specialized studies, but rather, even though in a relatively marginal form, in analyses on economic development, industrialization, and urbanization, problems which have been the subject of special concern by Brazilian scholars. I wish to make special reference to two recent books upon which the present paper is widely based: Celso Furtado,Dialéctica do Desenvolvimento (Rio de Janeiro : Editora Fundo de Cultura, 1964) ; and Fernando Henrique Cardoso,Empresario Industrial e Desenvohimento EconÔmico (SÃo Paulo: DifusÃo Européia do livro, 1964). In addition to these works, the studies on class consciousness and the working-class movement effected in Brazil by Alain Touraine are of critical importance (“Industrialisation et conscience ouvrière a SÃo Paulo”,Sociologie du Travail, 3ème année, No. 4, 1961).
- Gino Germani,Político y sociedad en una època de transición: De la sociedad tradicional a la sociedad de masas. Buenos Aires: Editorial Paidós, 1962.
- Celso Furtado,op. cit., Second Part, Chapter 2, Section I.
- Alain Touraine,op. cit., p. 87.
- (Alain Touraine,op. cit., p. 88).
- see Francisco C. Weffort, “Raizes sociais do Populismo en SÃo Paulo”, 1963 (manuscript).
- (Celso Furtado,op. cit., p. 128; also Second Part, Chapter 2, Sections III, IV and V).
- Cf. Fernando Henrique Cardoso,op. cit., pp. 84-5.
- Cf. Fernando Henrique Cardoso,op. cit., p. 168.
- (Celso Furtado,op. cit., p. 123).
- State and mass in Brazil
Studies in Comparative International Development
Volume 2, Issue 12 , pp 187-196
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- 1. United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America, CEPAL, USA