Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 957–972

Protonation and sodium ion-pairing of the sulfite ion in concentrated aqueous electrolyte solutions


  • S. G. Capewell
    • A. J. Parker Cooperative Research Center for HydrometallurgyMurdoch University
  • G. T. Hefter
    • Department of Chemistry and Mineral Science, Division of ScienceMurdoch University
  • P. Sipos
    • CSIRO Division of Minerals
  • P. M. May
    • A. J. Parker Cooperative Research Center for HydrometallurgyMurdoch University

DOI: 10.1007/BF02768053

Cite this article as:
Capewell, S.G., Hefter, G.T., Sipos, P. et al. J Solution Chem (1997) 26: 957. doi:10.1007/BF02768053


A protocol has been developed for the reliable titration of aqueous sulfite solutions which minimizes photodecomposition effects. This procedure has been used to measure the protonation constants of the sulfite ion in aqueous solution by glass electrode potentiometry at 25.0‡C and ionic strengths (I) from 0.1 to 5.0M in NaCI media and atI = 1.0M in KC1 and Me4NCl media. These measurements provided evidence of weak but significant ionpairing between SO2/3 -and Na+ with a formation constant of logKNa = 0.431 in 1.0M Me4NCl. This was in very good agreement with the value logKNa = 0.410 measured directly by Na+ ion-selective electrode potentiometry. Evidence is also presented for an extremely weak association of K+ and SO23-with logKk= 0.22 in 1.0M Me4NCl.

Key Words

Potentiometrysulfiteprotonation constantsodium ionpotassium ionion-pairingconcentrated electrolytesion-selective electrode
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© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997