Gupta, V.H. & Bhatnagar, S. Sadhana (1997) 22: 545. doi:10.1007/BF02745578
A fuel-injection internal combustion engine system is considered, wherein supply of fuel to the engine is controlled with the twin purposes of maximizing power output and minimizing fuel wastage. The system is modelled as a controlled Markov chain and a feed-back optimal control policy is obtained for the long-run average reward optimality criterion using Markov decision theory.
Dynamic programming/optimal control infinite state Markov chain long run average reward optimal policy fuel injection control in IC engines