Anti-tumor effect of CDA-II on a human glioma cell
To examine the effect of uroacitide (CDA-II ), an extraction product from normal human urine, on proliferation and differentiation of human glioma SWO-38 cells.
The effects of CDA-II on cellular survival and colony formation were determined by MTT and colony-formation assays. The in vivo anti-tumor effect of CDA-II was examined on transplanted SWO-38 cells in nude mice. In addition, the aterations in cell morphology induced by CDA-II were observed by H&E staining.
Treatment of SWO-38 cells with 1–5 mg/ml of CDA-II for 3 days, resulted in 39.49%± 5.27%~65.05%± 5.89% growth inhibition with an IC50of 2.52 mg/ml. Based on the colony-formation assay, 10 days of CDA-II treatment at a level of 0.3~2.1 mg/ml caused 23.45%± 0.62%~96.22%±1.01% inhibition with an IC50 of 1.03 mg/ml. Furthermore, the inhibitory response was dose-dependent. CDA-II at dosage of 500 mg/kg or 2,000 mg/kg per day for 4 weeks significantly suppressed the growth of human glioma SWO-38 cells in nude mice, with inhibition being 47.77% and 79.94%, respectively (P< 0.05, n=10). H&E staining and light microscopy revealed that CDA-II induced differentiation of the SWO-38 cells.
CDA-II has a significant anti-tumor effect on the human glioma SWO-38 cells, and is a potential and natural anti-glioma therapeutic reagent.