Intergroup encounters in wild white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus)
- Susan Perry
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Wrangham (1980) hypothesized that knowledge of the nature of intergroup encounters is crucial to understanding primate social relationships and social organization. I studied a single social group of wild white-faced capuchins over a period of 26 months and observed 44 encounters between social groups during 3703 hr of observation. All intergroup encounters consisted of predominantly hostile social interactions. However, nonaggressive interactions between males of different social groups occurred in a few cases. Adult males were the sole participants in 39 encounters and the primary participants in all 44 encounters. The alpha male was the most frequent participant. High-ranking females participated aggressively in five encounters, and low-ranking females never participated. There was no stable intergroup dominance hierarchy. I hypothesize that the need for male-male cooperation in intergroup aggression is an important factor influencing the quality of intragroup male-male relationships. Behavior during intergroup encounters is consistent with the idea that intergroup behavior is related to male reproductive strategies, but inconsistent with the idea that intergroup aggression is related to female defense of resources. The possibility that males are “hired guns” (Wrangham, 1980) cannot be ruled out.
- Chapman, C. A., (1986).Boa constrictor predation and group response in white-faced cebus monkeys.Biotropica 18: 171–172. CrossRef
- Chapman, C. A., and Fedigan, L. M. (1990). Dietary differences between neighboringCebus capucinus groups: Local traditions, food availability, or responses to food profitability?Folia Primatol. 54: 177–186. CrossRef
- Cheney, D. L., (1987). Interactions and relationships between groups. In Smuts, B. B., Cheney, D. L., Seyfarth, R. M, Wrangham, R. W., and Struhsaker, T. T. (eds.),Primate Societies, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 267–281.
- Cowlishaw, G., (1995). Behavioural patterns in baboon group encounters: The role of resource competition and male reproductive strategies.Behaviour 132: 75–86.
- Defler, T. (1982). A comparison of intergroup behavior inCebus albifrons andC. apella. Primates 23: 385–392. CrossRef
- Dunbar, R. I. M. (1988).Primate Social Systems, Croom Helm, London.
- Fedigan, L. M. (1993). Sex differences and intersexual relations in adult white-faced capuchins(Cebus capucinus).Int. J. Primatol. 14: 853–877. CrossRef
- Fedigan, L. M., Rose, L. M., and Morera Avila, R. See how they grow: Tracking capuchin monkey populations in a regenerating Costa Rican dry forest (manuscript).
- Freese, C. (1983).Cebus capucinus (mono cara blanca, white-faced capuchin). In Janzen, D. (ed.),Costa Rican Natural History, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 458–460.
- Isbell, L. (1991). Contest and scramble competition: Patterns of female aggression and ranging behavior among primates.Behav. Ecol. 2: 143–155. CrossRef
- Janson, C. (1986). The mating system as a determinant of social evolution in capuchin monkeys(Cebus). In Else, J. G., and Lee, P. C. (eds.),Primate Ecology and Conservation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 169–179.
- Manson, J. H., and Wrangham, R. W. (1991). Intergroup aggression in chimpanzees and humans.Cur. Anthropol. 32: 369–390. CrossRef
- Mitchell, B. (1989).Resources, Group Behavior, and Infant Development in White-Faced Capuchin Monkeys, Cebus capucinus, Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.
- NoË, R. (1992). Alliance formation among male baboons: Shopping for profitable partners. In Harcourt, A. H., and de Waal, F. B. M. (eds.),Coalitions and Alliances in Humans and Other Animals., Oxford Science, Oxford, pp. 285–321.
- NoË, R., van Schaik, C. P., and van Hooff, J. A. R. A. M. (1991). The market effect: An explanation for pay-off asymmetries among collaborating animals.Ethology 87: 97–118. CrossRef
- Oppenheimer, J. G. (1968).Behavior and Ecology of the White-Faced Monkey, Cebus capucinus, on Barro Colorado Island, C.Z., Ph.D. dissertation, University of Illinois, Urbana.
- Oppenheimer, J. G. (1973). Social and communicatory behavior in theCebus monkey. In Carpenter, C. R. (ed.),Behavioral Regulators of Behavior in Primates, Associated University Presses, Cranbury, NJ, pp. 251–271.
- Oppenheimer, J. R., and Oppenheimer, E. C. (1973). Preliminary observations ofCebus nigrivittatus (Primates: Cebidae) on the Venezuelan Llanos.Folia Primatol. 19: 409–436.
- Perry, S. (1995).Social Relationships in White-Faced Capuchin Monkeys, Cebus capucinus, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
- Phillips, K. (1994). Resource patch use and social organization inCebus capucinus.Am. J. Primatol. 33: 233.
- Robinson, J. G. (1988). Group size in wedge-capped capuchin monkeysCebus olivaceus and the reproductive success of males and females.Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 23: 187–197. CrossRef
- Rose, L. (1994). Benefits and costs of resident males to females in white-faced capuchins,Cebus capucinus.Am. J. Primatol. 32: 235–248. CrossRef
- Rose, L. M., and Fedigan, L. M. (1995). Vigilance in white-faced capuchins(Cebus capucinus) in Costa Rica.Anim. Behav. 49: 63–70. CrossRef
- Terborgh, J., and Janson, C. (1986). The socioecology of primate groups.Annu. Rev. Ecol. System. 17: 111–135. CrossRef
- Trivers, R. L. (1972). Parental investment and sexual selection. In Campbell, B. (ed.),Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, 1871-1971; Aldine Press, Chicago, pp. 136–179.
- van Hooff, J. A, R. A. M and van Schaik, C. P. (1992). Cooperation in competition: The ecology of primate bonds. In Harcourt, A. H., and de Waal, F. B. M. (eds.),Coalitions and Alliances in Humans and Other Animals, Oxford Science, Oxford, pp. 357–390.
- van Schaik, C. P. (1983). Why are diurnal primates living in groups?Behaviour 87: 120–144.
- van Schaik, C. P. (1989). The ecology of social relationships amongst female primates. In Standen, V. and Foley, G. R. A. (eds.),Comparative Socioecology, the Behavioural Ecology of Humans and Other Mammals, Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 195–218.
- van Schaik, C. P., Assink, P. R., and Salafsky, N. (1992). Territorial behavior in Southeast Asian Iangurs: Resource defense or mate defense?Am. J. Primatol 26: 233–242. CrossRef
- Wrangham, R. W. (1980). An ecological model of female-bonded primate groups.Behaviour 75: 264–300.
- Intergroup encounters in wild white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus)
International Journal of Primatology
Volume 17, Issue 3 , pp 309-330
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Cebus capucinus
- intergroup aggression
- male reproductive strategies
- Susan Perry (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Anthropology, The University of Michigan, 48109, Ann Arbor, Michigan