Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 196-204

First online:

Differential outcomes training facilitates memory in people with Korsakoff and Prader-Willi syndromes

  • Angela K. HochhalterAffiliated withCenter for Cognitive Sciences, University of Minnesota Email author 
  • , Beth JosephAffiliated withCenter for Cognitive Sciences, University of Minnesota

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This article presents evidence that a teaching procedure called differential outcomes training enhances learning and memory. Differential outcomes training reinforces correct responses with outcomes that are unique and specific to the stimuli that are to be remembered. Teaching with this method enhances performance in people with Korsakoff syndrome and people with Prader-Willi syndrome, populations known to have lerning and working memory deficits. This initial evidence that persons with learning and memory deficits benefit from differential outcomes training should encourage future work on the development of an intervention using this type of training to aide daily functioning by people with learning and memory impairments.