Original Contributions

Acta diabetologia latina

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 1-7

Studies of dental and oral changes of pregnant diabetic women

  • Mária AlbrechtAffiliated withSemmelweis Medical School, Department of Conservative Dentistry
  • , Jolán BánóczyAffiliated withSemmelweis Medical School, Department of Conservative Dentistry
  • , Éva BaranyiAffiliated withDepartment of Internal Medicine, Semmelweis University Medical School
  • , Gyula TamásAffiliated withDepartment of Internal Medicine, Semmelweis University Medical School
  • , János SzalayAffiliated withDepartment of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Central State Hospital
  • , Jenő EgyedAffiliated withDepartment of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Training
  • , Gábor SimonAffiliated withComputer Centre, Semmelweis University Medical School
  • , Gyöngyi EmberAffiliated withSemmelweis Medical School, Department of Conservative Dentistry

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Summary

The longitudinal examination of 132 pregnant diabetic women under care showed a 96.2% prevalence of gingivitis. The intensity of gingivitis was most marked in weeks 11 to 15, and 24 to 26 of pregnancy, and the correlation with changes in oral hygiene was statistically significant (p<0.001). On the other hand, the severity of diabetes had no effect on the degree of gingival inflammation. As for caries, the mean DMF values increased during diabetic pregnancy, the number of carious (D) and filled (F) teeth to a higher, that of extracted (M) teeth to a lesser degree, than in diabetic non-pregnant women.

Key-words

Caries Diabetic pregnancy Gingivitis Oral hygiene Periodontitis