Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 27, Issue 10, pp 2966-2977

First online:

A high-resolution transmission electron microscopy study of the precipitation process in a dilute Ti-N alloy

  • D. SundararamanAffiliated withMetallurgy Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam
  • , S. RanganathanAffiliated withCentre for Advanced Study, Department of Metallurgy, Indian Institute of Science
  • , V. S. RaghunathanAffiliated withMetallurgy Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam

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The precipitation processes in dilute nitrogen alloys of titanium have been examined in detail by conventional transmission electron microscopy (CTEM) and high-resolution electron microscopy (HREM). The alloy Ti-2 at. pct N on quenching from its high-temperatureβ phase field has been found to undergo early stages of decomposition. The supersaturated solid solution (α″-hcp) on decomposition gives rise to an intimately mixed, irresolvable product microstructure. The associated strong tweed contrast presents difficulties in understanding the characteristic features of the process. Therefore, HREM has been carried out with a view to getting a clear picture of the decomposition process. Studies on the quenched samples of the alloy suggest the formation of solute-rich zones of a few atom layers thick, randomly distributed throughout the matrix. On aging, these zones grow to a size beyond which the precipitate/matrix interfaces appear to become incoherent and theα′ (tetragonal) product phase is seen distinctly. The structural details, the crystallography of the precipitation process, and the sequence of precipitation reaction in the system are illustrated.