The potential effects of sex, posture and living condition on lateralized behaviors in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This research explores the effects of posture, sex, and living condition on hand and side preferences of semi-free-ranging, adult ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) housed at the Duke University Primate Center in Durham, NC. Data were collected on 11 adult individuals (five females and six males) during normal daily activities over a ten-week period from May–July 2001. Variables analyzed in this study include unimanual behaviors (i.e., reach, hold, and limb used to start locomotion) and other potentially lateralized behaviors that do not involve handuse (i.e., whole-body turning and tail position). The data were analyzed to investigate potential individual and population level side biases for each behavior; potential sex biases in side preference for each behavior; and for ‘reach’, potential effects of posture (sitting, tripedal stance, or bipedal stance) on individual hand preferences. Additionally, to investigate potential effects of living condition on lateral biases, the data from this study were compared to data collected on the same individual Lemurs living under more restrictive living conditions during the previous year. Largely, as predicted based on available literature, we found that there was a significant sex difference across all hand-use categories and for whole-body turning, and that posture was a significant factor in the expression of hand preference for reaching. Contrary to previous research, the effect of living condition on lateral preferences was minimal, and no side preferences were found at the population level for any of the behaviors analyzed.
- Costello M. B. and Fragaszy D. M. 1988. Prehension inCebus andSaimiri: I. Grip type and hand preference.American Journal of Primatology, 15: 235–245. CrossRef
- Dodson D. L., Stafford D. K., Forsythe C. Seltzer C. P. and Ward J. P. 1992. Laterality in quadrapedal and bipedal prosimians: Reach and whole-body turn in the mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus) and the galago (Galago moholi).American Journal of Primatology, 26: 191–202. CrossRef
- Forsythe C. 1986. Hand preference in the ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata). Unpublished master’s thesis. Memphis State University.
- Forsythe C., Milliken G. W., Stafford D. K. and Ward J. P. 1988. Posturally related variations in the hand preferences of the ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata variegata).Journal of Comparative Psychology, 102: 248–250. CrossRef
- Forsythe C. and Ward J. P. 1988. Black lemur (Lemur macaco) hand preferences in food reaching.Primates, 29: 369–374. CrossRef
- Gautrin D. and Ettlinger G. 1970. Lateral preferences in the monkey.Cortex, 6: 287–292.
- Geschwind N. 1985. Implications for Evolution, Genetics, and Clinical Syndromes. In Glick S.D. (ed.),Cerebral Lateralization in Nonhuman Species, Academic Press, New York, pp. 248–254.
- Glick S. D. and Shapiro R. M. 1985. Functional and Neurochemical mechanisms of cerebral lateralization in rats. In Glick S. D. (ed.),Cerebral Lateralization in Nonhuman Species, Academic Press, New York, pp. 160–170.
- Gravetter F. J. and Wallnau L. B. 1996.Statistics for the behavioral sciences, West Publishing Company, Minneaplis, pp. 585–587.
- Harris H. G. 2001. Hand and side preference in a confined group of ring-tailed lemurs. Unpublished master’s thesis. East Carolina University.
- Larson C. F., Dodson D. and Ward J. P. 1989. Hand preferences and whole-body turning biases of lesser bushbabies (Galago senegalensis).Brain and Behavioral Evolution, 33: 261–267.
- Lehman R. A. W. 1993. Manual preference in prosimians, monkeys and apes. In Ward J. P. and Hopkins W. D. (eds.),Primate Laterality, Current Behavioral, Evidence of Primate Asymmetries, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 149–182.
- MacNeilage P. F., Studdert-Kennedy M. G. and Lindblom B. 1987. Primate handedness reconsidered.Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 10(2): 247–303.
- Masataka N. 1989. Population-level asymmetry of hand preference in lemurs.Behaviour, 110: 244–247.
- Marchant L. F. and McGrew W. C. 1996. Laterality of limb function in wild chimpanzees of Gombe National Park: Comprehensive study of spontaneous activities.Journal of Human Evolution, 30: 427–443. CrossRef
- McGrew W.C. and Marchant L.F. 1991. Laterality of function in apes: a critical review.American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 84 (Supplement 12): 129–130.
- McGrew W. C. and Marchant L. F. 1997. On the other hand: Current issues in and meta-analysis of the behavioral laterality of hand function in nonhuman primates.Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 40: 201–232. CrossRef
- Milliken G. W., Forsythe C. and Ward J. P. 1989. Multiple measures of hand-use lateralization in the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta).Journal of Comparative Psychology, 103: 262–268. CrossRef
- Milliken G. W., Stafford D. K., Dodson D. L., Pinger C. D. and Ward J. P. 1991. Analyses of feeding lateralization in the small-eared bushbaby (Otolemur garnettii): A comparison with the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta).Journal of Comparative Psychoology, 105: 274–285. CrossRef
- Olson D. A., Ellis J. E. and Nadler R. D. 1990. Hand preferences in captive gorillas, orangutans, and gibbons.American Journal of Primatology, 20: 83–94. CrossRef
- Panger M. A. 1998. Hand preference in free-ranging white-throated capuchins (Cebus capucinus) in Costa Rica.International Journal of Primatology, 19(1): 133–163. CrossRef
- Pereira M. and Kappeler P. 1997. Divergent systems of agnostic behavior in Lemurid primates.Behaviour, 134: 225–274.
- Rosen G. D., Berrebi A. S., Yutzey D. A. and Denenberg V. H. 1983. Prenatal testosterone causes shift in neonatal tail posture of the rat.Developmental Brain Research, 9: 99–101. CrossRef
- Sanford C. G., Guin K. and Ward J. P. 1984. Posture and laterality in the bushbaby.Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 25: 217–224. CrossRef
- Ward J. P. 1988. Left hand reaching preferences in prosimians.Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 11: 732–733. CrossRef
- Ward J. P., Milliken G. W., Dodson D. L., Stafford D. K. and Wallace M. 1990. Handedness as a function of sex and age in a large population ofLemur.Journal of Comparative Psychology, 104: 167–173. CrossRef
- Ward J. P. 1991. Prosimians as animal models in the study of neural lateralization. In Kitterle F. L. (ed.),Cerebral Laterality Theory and Research. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, New Jersey, pp. 1–13.
- Ward J. P., Milliken G. W. and Stafford D. K. 1993. Patterns of lateralized behavior in prosimians. In Ward J. P. and Hopkins W. D. (eds.),Primate Laterality, Current Behavioral Evidence of Primate Asymmetries, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 43–70.
- Warren J.M. 1977. Handedness and cerebral dominance in monkeys. In Harnad S. et al. (eds.),Lateralization in the Nervous System, Academic Press, New York.
- The potential effects of sex, posture and living condition on lateralized behaviors in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta)
Volume 19, Issue 2 , pp 113-129
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Lemur catta
- hand preference
- ringtailed lemur
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Anthropology, East Carolina University, Brewster A 215, 27858, Greenville, NC, USA
- 2. Department of Anthropology, East Carolina University, Brewster A 215, 27858, Greenville, NC, USA
- 3. 2 Department of Anthropology, George Washington University, 2110 G. Street, 20052, Washington D.C., USA