Assessing potential bioavailability of metals in sediments: A proposed approach
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Due to anthropogenic inputs, elevated concentrations of metals frequently occur in aquatic sediments. In order to make defensible estimates of the potential risk of metals in sediments and/or develop sediment quality criteria for metals, it is essential to identify that fraction of the total metal in the sediments that is bioavailable. Studies with a variety of benthic invertebrates indicate that interstitial (pore) water concentrations of metals correspond very well with the bioavailability of metals in test sediments. Many factors may influence pore water concentrations of metals; however, in anaerobic sediments a key phase controlling partitioning of several cationic metals (cadmium, nickel, lead, zinc, copper) into pore water is acid volatile sulfide (AVS). In this paper, we present an overview of the technical basis for predicting bioavailability of cationic metals to benthic organisms based on pore water metal concentrations and metal-AVS relationships. Included are discussions of the advantages and limitations of metal bioavailability predictions based on these parameters, relative both to site-specific assessments and the development of sediment quality criteria.
- Adams, W. J., R. A. Kimerle, and R. G. Mosher. 1985. Aquatic safety assessment of chemicals sorbed to sediments. Pages 429–453in R. D. Cardwell, R. Purdy and R. C. Bahner (eds.), Aquatic toxicology and hazard assessment: Seventh symposium. STP 854. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- Allen, H. E., G. Fu, and B. Deng. 1993. Analysis of acid volatile sulfide (AVS) and simultaneously extracted metals (SEM) for the estimation of potential toxicity in aquatic sediments.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 12:1441–1453.
- Ankley, G. T., G. L. Phipps, E. N. Leonard, D. A. Benoit, V. R. Mattson, P. A. Kosian, A. M. Cotter, J. R. Dierkes, D. J. Hansen, and J. D. Mahony. 1991. Acid volatile sulfide as a factor mediating cadmium and nickel bioavailability in contaminated sediments.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 10:1299–1307.
- Ankley, G. T., V. R. Mattson, E. N. Leonard, C. W. West, and J. L. Bennett. 1993a. Predicting the acute toxicity of copper in freshwater sediments: Evaluation of the role of acid volatile sulfide.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 12:315–320.
- Ankley, G. T., E. N. Leonard, and V. R. Mattson. 1993b. Prediction of the bioaccumulation of metals from contaminated sediments by the oligochaete,Lumbriculus variegatus. Water Research (in press).
- Berner, R. A. 1967. Thermodynamic stability of sedimentary iron sulfides.American Journal of Science 265:773–785. CrossRef
- Berry, W. J., D. J. Hansen, J. D. Mahony, D. L. Robson, and J. M. Corbin. 1991. The role of acid volatile sulfide in controlling the toxicity of a metals mixture in sediment. Page 91in Abstracts of the 12th Annual Meeting of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. November 1991. Seattle, Washington.
- Campbell, P. G. C., and A. Tessier. 1991. Biological availability of metals in sediments: analytical approaches. Pages 161–174in J.-P. Vernet (ed.), Heavy metals in the environment. Elsevier, New York.
- Carlson, A. R., G. L. Phipps, V. R. Mattson, P. A. Kosian, and A. M. Cotter. 1991. The role of acid volatile sulfide in determining cadmium bioavailability and toxicity in freshwater sediments.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 10:1309–1319.
- Di Toro, D. M., J. D. Mahony, D. J. Hansen, K. J. Scott, M. B. Hicks, S. M. Mayr, and M. S. Redmond. 1990. Toxicity of cadmium in sediments: The role of acid volatile sulfide.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 9:1487–1502.
- Di Toro, D. M., C. Zarba, D. J. Hansen, R. C. Swartz, C. E. Cowan, H. E. Allen, N. A. Thomas, P. R. Paquin, and W. J. Berry. 1991. Technical basis for establishing sediment quality criteria for non-ionic organic chemicals using equilibrium partitioning.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 10:1541–1583.
- Di Toro, D. M., J. D. Mahony, D. J. Hansen, K. J. Scott, A. R. Carlson, and G. T. Ankley. 1992. Acid volatile sulfide predicts the acute toxicity of cadmium and nickel in sediments.Environmental Science and Technology 26:96–101. CrossRef
- Goldhaber, M. B. and I. R. Kaplan. 1974. The sulfur cycle. Pages 569–655in E. D. Goldberg (ed.), Sea, Vol. 5—Marine chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
- Hansen, D. J., W. J. Berry, J. D. Mahony, A. R. Carlson, K. M. McKenna, and D. L. Robson. 1990. Acid volatile sulfide controls divalent metal toxicity in sediments. Page 88in Abstracts of the 11th Annual meeting of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Washington, DC.
- Leonard, E. N., V. R. Mattson, D. A. Benoit, R. A. Hoke, and G. T. Ankley. 1993. Seasonal variation of acid volatile sulfide in sediments from three northeastern Minnesota lakes.Hydrobiologia (in press).
- Luoma, S. N. 1989. Can we determine the biological availability of sediment-bound trace elements?Hydrobiologia 176/177:379–396. CrossRef
- Mahony, J. D., D. M. Di Toro, A. M. Gonzalez, D. J. Hansen, W. J. Berry, and G. T. Ankley. 1991. A sediment component in addition to acid volatile sulfide that may further control toxicity of metals. Page 91in Abstracts of the 12th Annual Meeting of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Seattle, Washington.
- Swartz, R. C., G. R. Ditsworth, D. W. Schults, and J. O. Lamberson. 1985. Sediment toxicity to a marine infaunal amphipod: Cadmium and its interaction with sewage sludge.Marine Environmental Research 18:133–153. CrossRef
- Swartz, R. C., D. W. Schults, T. H. DeWitt, G. R. Ditsworth, and J. O. Lamberson. 1990. Toxicity of fluoranthene in sediment to marine amphipods: A test of the equilibrium partitioning approach to sediment quality criteria.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 9:1071–1080.
- Tessier, A., and P. G. C. Campbell. 1987. Partitioning of trace metals in sediments: Relationships with bioavailability.Hydrobiologia 149:43–52. CrossRef
- Tessier, A., Y. Couillard, P. G. C. Campbell, and J. C. Auclair. 1993. Modeling cadmium partitioning in oxic lake sediments and Cd concentrations in the freshwater bivalveAnodonta grandis (Mollusca, Pelecypoda).Limnology and Oceanography 38:1–17. CrossRef
- Assessing potential bioavailability of metals in sediments: A proposed approach
Volume 18, Issue 3 , pp 331-337
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Sediment quality criteria
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. US Environmental Protection Agency, 6201 Congdon Blvd., 55804, Duluth, Minnesota, USA
- 2. Hydroqual, Inc., 07430, Mahwah, New Jersey, USA
- 3. US Environmental Protection Agency, 27 Tarzwell Dr., 02882, Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA
- 4. Chemistry Department, Manhattan College, 10471, Bronx, New York, USA
- 5. SAIC Corporation, 27 Tarzwell Dr., 02882, Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA
- 6. US Environmental Protection Agency, Hatfield Marine Science Center Marine Science Drive, 97365, Newport, Oregon, USA
- 7. SAIC Corporation, 411 Hackensack Ave., 07601, Hackensack, New Jersey, USA
- 8. US Environmental Protection Agency, College Station Rd., 30605, Athens, Georgia, USA
- 9. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Delaware, 19716, Newark, Delaware, USA
- 10. US Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M Street S.W., 20460, Washington, DC, USA