Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutics

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 389–402

Volumes of distribution and mean residence time of drugs with linear tissue distribution and binding and nonlinear protein binding

  • Haiyung Cheng
  • William R. Gillespie

DOI: 10.1007/BF02353519

Cite this article as:
Cheng, H. & Gillespie, W.R. Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutics (1996) 24: 389. doi:10.1007/BF02353519


Based on a generalized model, equations for calculating the mean residence time in the body at single dose (MRT) and at steady state (MRTss), apparent steady-state volume of distribution (\(\hat V_{ss}\)) and steady-state volume of distribution (Vss) are derived for a drug exhibiting nonlinear protein binding. Interrelationships between\(\hat V_{ss}\) andVss as well as betweenMRT andMRTss are also discussed and illustrated with simulated data. In addition, a method for estimating the central volume of distribution of the bound drug and the sum of the central volume of distribution of the unbound drug and the area under the first moment curve of distribution function for drugs with nonlinear protein binding is proposed and illustrated with both simulated and published data.

Key words

volumes of distributionmean residence timenonlinear protein binding

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haiyung Cheng
    • 1
  • William R. Gillespie
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Drug MetabolismMerck Research LaboratoriesWest Point
  2. 2.Food and Drug AdministrationRockville
  3. 3.Andyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Ft. Lauderdale