Article

Social Justice Research

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 385-407

Dispositional Sensitivity to Befallen Injustice

  • Manfred J. SchmittAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Trier
  • , Roland NeumannAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Trier
  • , Leo MontadaAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Trier

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Abstract

Dispositional Sensitivity to Befallen Injustice (SBI) is proposed as a new construct. A self-report questionnaire with four types of indicators (frequency, intensity of anger, intrusiveness of thoughts, punitivity) was developed for measuring SBI. Using structural equation modeling and the general rationale of multitrait-multimethod analysis, the convergent and discriminant validity of this questionnaire was investigated vis-à-vis measures for Trait Anger, Anger In, Anger Out, and Frustration Tolerance as related constructs. Additionally, a meaningful pattern of correlations was obtained between SBI and Life Satisfaction, Centrality of Justice, Interpersonal Trust, and Need for Control. Finally, self-reported sensitivity to befallen injustice was found to predict cognitive, emotional, and behavioral reactions to unjust treatment in laboratory and natural settings several weeks later.

Key Words

justice frustration anger disappointment structural equation modeling construct validation measurement model multitrait-multimethod analysis