Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 135–139

Developmental delay in infants with congenital heart disease

Correlation with hypoxemia and congestive heart failure


  • Ruth B. Aisenberg
    • South Norfolk Area, Massachusetts Department of Mental Health
  • Amnon Rosenthal
    • Pediatric CardiologyC.S. Mott Children's Hospital
  • Alexander S. Nadas
    • Department of CardiologyThe Children's Hospital Medical Center
  • Peter H. Wolff
    • Department of PediatricsHarvard Medical School
Original Articles

DOI: 10.1007/BF02312960

Cite this article as:
Aisenberg, R.B., Rosenthal, A., Nadas, A.S. et al. Pediatr Cardiol (1982) 3: 135. doi:10.1007/BF02312960


The mental and motor development of 173 infants with congenital heart disease was assessed by means of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development and clinical neurological examinations. The relationship between age, sex, congestive heart failure, hypoxemia, hospitalization, and test results was evaluated. The presence of congestive heart failure was found to be significantly associated with both mental and motor developmental delay. Hypoxemia and hospitalization were associated with delayed motor development. Developmental delay could be recognized as early as 2 months of age.

Key words

Mental retardationCongenital heart diseaseHypoxemiaCongestive heart failure
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1982