Original Articles

Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 135-139

First online:

Developmental delay in infants with congenital heart disease

Correlation with hypoxemia and congestive heart failure
  • Ruth B. AisenbergAffiliated withSouth Norfolk Area, Massachusetts Department of Mental Health
  • , Amnon RosenthalAffiliated withPediatric Cardiology, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital
  • , Alexander S. NadasAffiliated withDepartment of Cardiology, The Children's Hospital Medical Center
  • , Peter H. WolffAffiliated withDepartment of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School

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The mental and motor development of 173 infants with congenital heart disease was assessed by means of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development and clinical neurological examinations. The relationship between age, sex, congestive heart failure, hypoxemia, hospitalization, and test results was evaluated. The presence of congestive heart failure was found to be significantly associated with both mental and motor developmental delay. Hypoxemia and hospitalization were associated with delayed motor development. Developmental delay could be recognized as early as 2 months of age.

Key words

Mental retardation Congenital heart disease Hypoxemia Congestive heart failure