Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 17-29

First online:

Amounts of pesticides reaching target pests: Environmental impacts and ethics

  • David PimentelAffiliated withDepartment of Entomology Comstock Hall, Cornell University

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Less than 0.1% of pesticides applied for pest control reach their target pests. Thus, more than 99.9% of pesticides used move into the environment where they adversely affect public health and beneficial biota, and contaminate soil, water, and the atmosphere of the ecosystem. Improved pesticide application technologies can improve pesticide use efficiency and protect public health and the environment.


pesticides pests targets application technology agriculture environment