Journal of Business and Psychology

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 183–197

Gender differences in anticipated pay negotiation strategies and outcomes


  • Vicki S. Kaman
    • Department of Management, College of BusinessColorado State University
  • Charmine E. J. Hartel
    • University of Tulsa
Full Articles

DOI: 10.1007/BF02230636

Cite this article as:
Kaman, V.S. & Hartel, C.E.J. J Bus Psychol (1994) 9: 183. doi:10.1007/BF02230636


Business students were asked to indicate their pay expectations and anticipated negotiation strategies for a specific management trainee job. They also indicated expectations for their and the recruiter's target and resistance points for the negotiation process. Men, compared to women, indicated higher pay expectations, a higher likelihood of active negotiation, less likelihood of using traditional self-promotion strategies, and more opportunity for legitimate negotiations. Significant correlations were found between pay expectations and negotiation strategies. Intervention strategies for changing women's pay outcome and negotiation expectations are discussed, as well as the need for a better understanding of effective negotiation behaviors.

Download to read the full article text

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1994