, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 81-97

An evaluation of the autism behavior checklist

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Abstract

The Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), an assessment instrument for autistic individuals, was evaluated in a group of 157 subjects, 94 clinically autistic and 63 nonautistic. The two groups differed significantly in ratings of pathology. Both false positive and false negative diagnostic classifications were made when the results of the checklist were compared with clinical diagnosis. Effects of developmental level and age were observed. The ABC appears to have merit as a screening instrument, though results of the checklist alone cannot be taken as establishing a diagnosis of autism. Important issues of reliability and validity remain to be addressed.

The authors thank Richard Rende and Joseph Coleman for assistance in data analysis, and George M. Anderson for his comments on an earlier version of the manuscript. We thank the subjects, their parents, and their teachers for their cooperation. This work was supported in part by the William T. Grant Foundation, the John Merck Fund, MHCRC Grant 30929, CCRC Grant RR00125, NICHD Grant HD-03008, NIMH Grant MH00418, and Mr. Leonard Berger.