Psychiatric Quarterly

, Volume 62, Issue 1, pp 9–18

A comprehensive alternative to residential treatment for adolescents and young adults

  • Barbara Lichner Ingram
  • Eli Katz
  • Ellen Katz

DOI: 10.1007/BF01958835

Cite this article as:
Ingram, B.L., Katz, E. & Katz, E. Psych Quart (1991) 62: 9. doi:10.1007/BF01958835


This paper describes a treatment modality for adolescents and young adults who do not respond successfully to treatment within the family context. A comprehensive therapeutic program is implemented in the open community, providing benefits of residential care while avoiding many of the drawbacks. Five key components are discussed: creating individualized programs using community resources; effecting a complete separation from parents; maximizing autonomy and self-reliance; facilitating a corrective family experience; and capitalizing on transference in intensive individual psychotherapy, which is enhanced when a married couple functions as the treatment team. Suggestions for implementing this model are discussed and advantages and limitations are cited.

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Lichner Ingram
    • 1
  • Eli Katz
  • Ellen Katz
  1. 1.Pepperdine UniversityCulver City