Multi-author Review Phytotoxins and their involvement in plant diseases


, Volume 47, Issue 8, pp 751-755

First online:

Phytotoxins and their involvement in plant diseases. Introduction

  • A. GranitiAffiliated withDipartimento di Patologia Vegetale, Università di Bari

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Bacterial and fungal plant pathogens are known to produce diffusible toxins in infected plants. These phytotoxins are harmful to plants in very low concentrations, and many reproduce at least some of the symptoms of the relevant bacterial or fungal disease. Several phytotoxins have been shown to be involved in pathogenesis. Recent years have seen substantial progress in our knowledge about the nature, structure and mode of action of phytotoxins, and this is briefly reviewed. Finally, possible applications in fields other than plant pathology are mentioned.

Key words

Toxins phytotoxins plant diseases plant pathogenic fungi and bacteria