Foundations of Physics

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 197–207

Biological utilization of quantum nonlocality

  • Brian D. Josephson
  • Fotini Pallikari-Viras
Part V. Invited Papers Dedicated To John Stewart Bell

DOI: 10.1007/BF01889532

Cite this article as:
Josephson, B.D. & Pallikari-Viras, F. Found Phys (1991) 21: 197. doi:10.1007/BF01889532


The perception of reality by biosystems is based on different, and in certain respects more effective, principles than those utilized by the more formal procedures of science. As a result, what appears as random pattern to the scientific method can be meaningful pattern to a living organism. The existence of this complementary perception of reality makes possible in principle effective use by organisms of the direct interconnections between spatially separated objects shown to exist in the work of J. S. Bell.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian D. Josephson
    • 1
  • Fotini Pallikari-Viras
    • 1
  1. 1.Cavendish LaboratoryCambridgeUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

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