, Volume 18, Issue 12, pp 1195-1204

Limits to the universality of quantum mechanics

Abstract

Niels Bohr's arguments indicating the non-applicability of quantum methodology to the study of the ultimate details of life, given in his bookAtomic Physics and Human Knowledge, conflict with the commonly held opposite view. The bases for the usual beliefs are examined and shown to have little validity; significant differences do exist between the living organism and the type of system studied successfully in the physics laboratory. Dealing with living organisms in quantum-mechanical terms with the same degree of rigor as is normal for non-living systems would seem not to be possible without considering also questions of the origins of life and of the universe.