International Journal of Theoretical Physics

, Volume 15, Issue 7, pp 541-556

First online:

Aspects of Green's function methods versus self-consistent field theory

  • Alvin K. BensonAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Indiana University Southeast

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The basic methods of solving fully symmetric, nonlinear theories are stated. These are discussed in terms of Green's function methods and self-consistent field theory methods. The equivalence of many-body theory based on Green's functions with quantum field theory, on which the self-consistent field theory is based, is reviewed. A number of similarities, differences, and cautions involved with these methods are determined. In particular, since very often both methods are based upon use of the adiabatic theorem, which is typicallynot applicable to the models under consideration, a deviation in the self-consistent theory is discussed that avoids this problem. A similar idea is used for solution of models with the functional integral method. Ferromagnetic models are used at various places in illustrating some of the ideas. By contrasting these methods further insight may be gained into solving nonlinear, physical theories.