Pathological gambling: Etiologic considerations and treatment efficacy of eye movement desensitization/reprocessing
- Steven L. Henry Psy.D.
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This study of 22 subjects who meet DSM IV criteria for Pathological Gambling (PG) tests a theory that the development of PG lies in the existence of unresolved trauma-related anxiety, similar to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, and predicts that reduction of that anxiety will result in reduced pathological gambling behavior. The study compares the effect on gambling event frequency of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy with cognitive therapy to that of cognitive therapy alone for subjects with and without reported trauma history. Results are significant for pre- vs post-EMDR (p =.04), for those with reported trauma history, (p=.01) and when controlled for frequency of sessions and time in therapy prior to the treatment (p=.04). Findings support an anxiety based model for the etiology of PG behavior.
- Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. American Psychiatric Association, Washington, D.C.
- Barkley, R. (1993, May).ADHD in adults. Continuing Education Seminar in Portland, OR.
- Bauman, W., Melnyk, W.T. (1994) A controlled comparison of eye movement and finger tapping in the treatment of test anxiety. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 25: pp. 29-33
- Brown, R.I.F. The effectiveness of Gambler's Anonymous. In: Eadington, W.R. eds. (1985) Gambling studies: Proceedings of the sixth international conference on gambling and risk-taking. Reno, NV, Bureau of Business and Economic Research
- Carlson, N.R. (1981) Physiology of behavior. Allyn & Bacon, Inc., Boston, MA
- Comings, D., Rosenthal, R.J., Lesieur, H.R., Rugle, L.J., Muhleman, D., Chiu, C., Dietz, G., & Gade, R. (1993, July). The molecular genetics of Pathological Gambling. Paper presented to National Conference on Gambling Behavior: New London, CT.
- Cocco, N., Sharpe, L. (1993) An auditory variant of eye movement desensitization in a case of childhood posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 24: pp. 373-377
- Daruma, J.H., Barnes, P.A. A neuropsychological view of impulsivity. In: McCowan, W.G., Johnson, J.L., Shure, M.B. eds. (1993) The impulsive client. American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., pp. 23-38
- Dyck, M. (1993) A proposal for a conditioning model of eye movement desensitization treatment for post traumatic Stress disorder. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 24: pp. 201-210
- Eysenck, H.J. The nature of impulsivity. In: McCowan, W.G., Johnson, J.L., Shure, M.B. eds. (1993) The impulsive client. American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., pp. 57-69
- Fink, A.D., McCowan, W.G. Impulsivity in children and adolescents: Measurement, causes, and treatment. In: McCowan, W.G., Johnson, J.L., Shure, M.B. eds. (1993) The impulsive client. American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., pp. 279-308
- Lesieur, H.R., Blume, S.R. (1987) The South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS): A new instrument for the identification of pathological gamblers. American Journal of Psychiatry 144: pp. 1184-1188
- Lesieur, H.R., Rosenthal, R.J. (1991) Pathological gambling: A review of the literature. Journal of Gambling Studies 7: pp. 5-39
- Marlatt, G.A., Gordon, J.R. (1985) Relapse prevention. Guilford Publications, New York
- McCormick, R.A., Taber, J.I. The pathological gambler: Salient personality variables. In: Galski, T. eds. (1986) Handbook of pathological gambling. Charles C. Thomas Pub., Springfield, IL, pp. 9-10
- Moreno, I., Suiz, R.J., Lopez-Ibor, J.J. (1991) Serotonin and gambling dependence. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 6: pp. 9-12
- O'Donnell, R. (1993, July).Gambling, dissociation and trauma. Paper presented to National Conference on Gambling Behavior: New London, CT.
- Rosenthal, R.J. (1986) The pathological gambler's system of self-deception. Journal of Gambling Behavior 2: pp. 108-120
- Roy, A., Virkkunen, M., Linnoila, M. (1987) Reduced central serotonin turnover in a subgroup of alcoholics?. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 11: pp. 173-177
- Rugle, L.J. (1993) Initial thoughts on viewing pathological gambling from a physiological and intrapsychic perspective. Journal of Gambling Studies 9: pp. 3-16
- Shapiro, F. (1995) Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. Guilford Press, New York
- Sunderwith, S.G., Milkman, H. (1991) Behavioral and neurochemical commonalties in addiction. Contemporary Family Therapy 13: pp. 421-433
- Volberg, R. (1993).Gambling and problem gambling in Washington State. Report to Washington State Lottery: Olympia.
- Walker, M.B. (1992) The psychology of gambling. Pergamon Press, Inc., New York
- Wilkinson, L. (1989) Systat: The system for statistics. SYSTAT, Inc., Evanston, IL
- Wurtman, C.B., Loftus, E.L. (1981) Psychology. A. Knopf, New York
- Zuckerman, M. Sensation-seeking and impulsivity: A marriage of traits made in biology?. In: McCowan, W.G., Johnson, J.L., Shure, M.B. eds. (1993) The Impulsive Client. American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., pp. 71-92
- Pathological gambling: Etiologic considerations and treatment efficacy of eye movement desensitization/reprocessing
Journal of Gambling Studies
Volume 12, Issue 4 , pp 395-405
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Human Sciences Press
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Clackamas County Mental Health, 998 Library Court, 97045, Oregon City, OR