Some nontraditional (Unconventional and/or innovative) sychosocial treatments for children and adolescents: Critique and proposed screening principles
- L. Eugene Arnold
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Five examples of nontraditional psychosocial treatments used for children/adolescents are reviewed: eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback, deep pressure/touch therapies, stress-challenge treatments, and confrontational scare treatments. The generic recommendations from the September 1992 National Institutes of Health Conference on Unconventional Medical Treatments are summarized. Additional screening principles specific for psychosocial treatments are proposed and applied to the five treatments. The screens do not validate treatment efficacy or evaluate the quality of any previous research, but only facilitate decisions as to whether treatments deserve controlled investigation. Scientific evaluation of the nontraditional treatments reviewed could in general benefit from blinds (at least for assessment); control conditions matched for intensity, frequency, and duration (double blind where feasible); dose-response studies; testing of generalization and endurance supplements or boosters for quick, cheap treatments with time- or domain-limited effects; and comparing cost-effectiveness with established treatments. Two unscientific pitfalls must be avoided: embracing new treatments uncritically and rejecting them without fair examination. These pitfalls must be skirted without dissipating scarce research resources.
- Arnold, L. E., & Sheridan, K. (1980). Hyperactivity with tactile defensiveness as a phobia.Journal of School Health, 50, 531–533.
- Bacon, S. B. (1987).The effects of racially homogeneous and heterogeneous Outward Bound groups on the self-report survey scores and drop out rates of minority students. Greenwich, CN: Outward Bound.
- Boudewyns, P. A., Stwertka, S. A., Hyer, L. A., Albrecht, J. W., & Sperr, E. V. (1991).Eye movement desensitization for PTSD of combat: A pilot study. Paper presented at the American Psychological Association annual meeting.
- Carels, N. (1987). Linkages between body, action, and preconscious.Revue Francais de Psychoanalyse, 51, 665–680.
- Ewert, A., & Heywood, J. (1991). Group development in the natural environment: expectations, outcomes, and techniques.Environment and Behavior, 23, 592–615.
- Field, T., Morrow, C., Valdeon, C., Larson, S., Kuhn, C., & Schanberg, S. (1992). Massage reduces anxiety in child and adolescent psychiatric patients.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 125–131.
- Field, T. M., Schanberg, S. M., Scafidi, F., Bauer, C. R., Vega-Lahr, N., Garcia, R., Nystrom, J., & Kuhn, C. M. (1986). Tactile/kinesthetic stimulation effects on preterm neonates.Pediatrics, 77, 654–658.
- Friedman, R., Dreizen, K., et al. (1978). Parent power: A holding technique in the treatment of omnipotent children.International Journal of Family Counseling, 6, 66–73.
- Grandin, T. (1992). Calming effects of deep touch pressure in patients with autistic disorder, college students, and animals.Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 2, 63–72.
- Henderson, A., Dahlin, I., & Partridge, C., et al. (1973). A hypothesis on the etiology of hyperactivity, with a pilot study report of related nondrug therapy.Pediatrics, 52, 4.
- Imamura, K. N., Weiss, P., & Parham, D. (1990). The effects of hug machine usage on behavioral organization of children with autism and autistic-like characteristics.Sensory Integration Quarterly, 27, 1–5.
- Kelly, F. J., & Baer, D. J. (1968).Outward Bound schools as an alternative to institutionalization for adolescent delinquent boys. Andover, MA: Outward Bound.
- Lewis, R. V. (1983). Scared straight—California style: Evaluation of the San Quentin Squires program.Criminal Justice and Behavior, 10, 209–226.
- Lindt, M. W. (1988). Holding and the person-centered approach: Experience and reflection.Person-Centered Review, 3, 229–240.
- Lubar, J. F. (1991). Discourse on the development of EEG diagnostics and biofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders.Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 16, 201–225.
- Lubar, J. F., & Shouse, M. N. (1977). Use of biofeedback in the treatment of seizure disorders and hyperactivity. In B. B. Lahey & A. E. Kazdin (Eds.),Advances in clinical child psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 203–265). New York: Plenum Press.
- Lubar, J. O., & Lubar, J. F. (1984). Electroencephalographic biofeedback of SMR and beta for treatment of attention deficit disorders in a clinical setting.Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 9, 1–23.
- Mann, C. A., et al. (1992). Quantitative analysis of EEG in boys with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder: Controlled study with clinical implications.Pediatric Neurology, 8, 30–36.
- Marquis, J. N. (1991). A report on seventy-eight cases treated by eye movement desensitization.Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 22, 187–192.
- Masters, K. J., & Devaney, J. (1992). Are physical restraints necessary?Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 372.
- Metter, J., & Michelson, L. K. (1991). Clinical exchange corner: Cautionary letter.American Society for Clinical Hypnosis Newsletter, 32(3).
- Nadler, R. S. (1980).Outward Bound and confluent education: A demonstration project accentuating affective learning. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of California at Santa Barbara.
- Outward Bound, Inc. (1987).The career beginnings Outward Bound component: An empirical evaluation. Greenwich, CT: Outward Bound.
- Pauk, J., Kuhn, C., Field, T. M., & Schanberg, S. M. (1986). Positive effects of tactile vs. kinesthetic stimulation on neuroendocrine and ODC activity in maternally-deprived rat pups.Life Sciences, 39, 2081–2087.
- Potashkin, B. D., & Beckles, N. (1990). Relative efficacy of Ritalin and biofeedback treatments in the management of hyperactivity.Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 15, 305–315.
- Prekop, J. (1983). Holding as therapy for autistic children: application of the Welch-Tinbergen holding therapy.Fruhforderung Interdiszciplinar, 2, 54–64.
- Presbury, J. H., & Moore, H. B. (1983). Taking the 10-year offender to jail: An alternative to “Scared Straight.”Personnel and Guidance Journal, 62, 114–116.
- Sakofs, M. S., et al. (1988).The Cooperstown Outward Bound summer program: An informal look at the program's impact on the lives of students. Greenwich, CT: Outward Bound.
- Sakofs, M. & Schuurman, D. (1991).Assessing the impact of the Wilderness Alternative for Youth program: An Outward Bound program for adjudicated youth. Greenwich, CT: Outward Bound.
- Scafidi, F. A., Field, T. M., Schanberg, S. M., Bauer, C. R., Tucci, K., Roberts, J., & Kuhn, C. M. (1990). Massage stimulates growth in preterm infants: A replication.Infant Behavior and Development, 13, 167–168.
- Shapiro, F. (1989a). Efficacy of the eye movement desensitization procedure in the treatment of traumatic memories.Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2, 199–223.
- Shapiro, F. (1989b). Eye movement desensitization: A new treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder.Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 20, 211–217.
- Shapiro, F. (1991). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing procedure: From EMD to EMD/R—a new treatment model for anxiety and related traumata.The Behavior Therapist, 14, 133–135.
- Shouse, M. N., & Lubar, J. F. (1978). Physiological basis of hyperkinesis treated with methylphenidate.Pediatrics, 62, 343–351.
- Stormer, N., & Kischkel, W. (1988). Holding therapy.Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie, 37, 326–333.
- Tansey, M. A. (1990). Righting the rhythms of reason: EEG biofeedback training as a therapeutic modality in a clinical office setting.Medical Psychotherapy, 3, 57–68.
- Tellington-Jones, L., & Burns, U. (1985).The Tellington Jones equine awareness method. Millwood, NY: Breakthrough Publications.
- Welch, M. G. (1983). Retrieval from autism through mother-child holding therapy. In N. Tinbergen & E. A. Tinbergen (Eds.),Autistic children: New hope for a cure. London: Allan & Unwin.
- Some nontraditional (Unconventional and/or innovative) sychosocial treatments for children and adolescents: Critique and proposed screening principles
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume 23, Issue 1 , pp 125-140
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- L. Eugene Arnold (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Child and Adolescent Disorders Research Branch, NIMH, Parklawn 10-104, 5600 Fishers Lane, 20587, Rockville, Maryland, USA