Operation and maintenance in Asian irrigation: Reappraising government and farmer responsibilities and rights
Cite this article as: Coward, E.W. & Uphoff, N. Irrig Drainage Syst (1986) 1: 31. doi:10.1007/BF01422977 Abstract
A major policy concern in irrigation development is reducing government costs of both construction and operation and maintenance. There is increasing interest in shifting some of these costs to the farmers using the irrigation facilities. This paper discusses the opportunities for reducing certain direct costs to government by collaborative arrangements with water users so that the latter mobilize more of their own resources to implement specified O&M activities. Five propositions are discussed which suggest the prerequisites for successful collaboration: (1) reexamining the processes of design and construction now being used, (2) reorienting the policies and procedures of the irrigation agency, (3) increasing farmer involvement in operations, (4) increasing local organizational capacity, and (5) creating new financial procedures.
Key words O&M activities costs and fees farmer involvement bureaucratic reorientation local organizations References
Carruthers I. 1981. Neglect of O&M in irrigation: the need for new sources and forms of support. Water Supply & Management 5: 53–65. Pergamon Press Ltd., London.
Chambers R. 1984. Farmers above the outlet: irrigators and canal management in south Asia. Draft Paper. Institute of Development Studies, Sussex.
Coward E.W. Jr. (ed) 1980. Irrigation and Agricultural Development in Asia: Perspectives from the Social Sciences. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.
Dickey E.G. 1977. Overview of federal and nonfederal water resources programs and project cost sharing. In: North R.M. & Hanke S.H. (eds) Financing Water Resources: A Technology Transfer Workshop. Jekyll Island, Georgia (NTIS-PB-178145).
Easter K.W. 1985. Recurring Cost of Irrigation in Asia: Operation and Maintenance (OTM). Paper prepared for Water Management Synthesis II Project.
Illo J.F.I. & Chiong-Jaier M.E. 1983. Organizing Farmers for Irrigation Management: The Buhi-Lalo Experience. Research and Service Center, Ateneo de Naga, Naga City.
Korten D.C. 1982. The Working Group as a Mechanism for Managing Bureaucratic Reorientation: Experience from the Philippines. NASPAA Working Paper, Washington DC.
Korten D.C. & Uphoff N. 1981. Bureaucratic Reorientation for Participatory Rural Development. NASPAA Working Paper. National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, Washington DC.
Korten F. 1982. Building National Capacity to Develop Water Users Associations: Experience from the Philippines. World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 528.
Mayson E. 1984. Assisting villagers to build their own irrigation scheme — an example from Thailand. Network Paper 9e, April. Overseas Development Institute, Irrigation Management Network, London.
Meinzen-Dick R. 1984. Local Management of Tank Irrigation in India: Organizations and Operations. Cornell Studies in Irrigation, Number 3, Ithaca.
Morfit M. & Poffenberger M. 1984. Community participation and irrigation development: a case study from Indonesia. Paper presented to USAID, Asia Bureau Comittee on Community Management, Bangkok.
Ramamurthy P. 1984. Irrigation and organization of the BDS L district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Paper presented at Conference on Community Response to Irrigation, Bangalore, India, January.
Rao P.K. 1984. Comments on cost recovery and irrigation water pricing. Network Paper 10f. Overseas Development Institute, London.
Small L.E. 1982. Investment Decisions for the Development and Utilisation of Irrigation Resources in Southeast Asia. Report No. 26. Agricultural Development Council, New York.
Uphoff N. 1985. Experience with people's participation in water management: Gal Oya, Sri Lanka. In: Garcia-Zamor J.C. (ed) Public Participation in Development Planning and Management. Westview Press, Boulder.
Uphoff N., Meinzen-Dick R. & St. Julien N. 1985. Getting the Process Right: Farmer Organization and Participation in Irrigation Water Management. Water Management Synthesis Paper, Cornell University.
Wade R. 1979. The social response to irrigation: an Indian case study. Journal of Development Studies 16(1): 3–26.
Google Scholar Copyright information
© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1986