Effects of preventive cognitive self-instruction training on adolescent attitudes, experiences, and state anxiety
- Cite this article as:
- Baker, S.B. & Butler, J.N. J Primary Prevent (1984) 5: 17. doi:10.1007/BF01332030
The effects of teacher-directed cognitive self-instruction (TI) were compared with an instructions-only component control condition (IO) in order to examine the former's efficacy as a primary prevention strategy. In a quasi-experimental design. two intact high school psychology classes were randomly assigned to either TI or IO. Each condition lasted for eight 45-minute class periods, and each group was given an in vivo homework assignment. Pretreatment equivalence and demand analyses yielded no evidence of differences. Results of a posttreatment measure of attitude toward treatments and a pre- and posttreatment measure of state anxiety suggested that trainerdirected cognitive self-instruction may be a promising primary prevention strategy.