, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 48-67

First online:

Cultural production is different from cultural reproduction is different from social reproduction is different from reproduction

  • Paul WillisAffiliated withCentre for the Study of Contemporary Studies, University of Birmingham

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Cultural patterns and activities and attitudes are developed in precise conjunction with real exigencies, and are produced and reproduced in each generation for its own good reasons. Patterns of the development of labour power for a specific kind of application to industry must in every generation be achieved, developed, and worked for in struggle and contestation. If certain obvious features of this continuous reproduction and ever freshly struck settlement show a degree of visible continuity over time this should not lead us to construct iron laws and dynamics of socialization from this mere succession of like things.Learning to Labour (p. 183)