Interpersonal problem solving and parasuicide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This study examined the relationship between interpersonal problem solving and suicidal behavior among psychiatric patients. Subjects were 123 psychiatric inpatients, admitted for current parasuicide, serious suicide ideation, or non-suicide-related complaints. A group of 16 orthopedic surgery patients was included to control for hospitalization trauma and current stress. All subjects completed a revised version of the Means-End Problem Solving Procedure, the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule, and a suicide expectancy measure. Psychiatric patients scored lower than the medical control group on the assertive schedule, but no differences were noted as a function of suicidal behavior status. Psychiatric patients expected suicide to solve problems more than did controls. Suicidal patients had higher expectancies than did nonsuicidal patients. Active interpersonal problem solving did not distinguish suicidal and nonsuicidal psychiatric patients but did separate parasuicides from suicide ideators. Among patients without a parasuicide history, less active and greater passive problem solving discriminated first-time parasuicides from suicide ideators and nonsuicidals. Results suggest that assertion deficits may characterize the psychiatric population in general, but suicidal behavior within psychiatric patients may be related to lower active problem solving.
- Applebaum, S. (1963). The problem-solving aspects of suicide.Journal of Projective Technology, 27 259.
- Basescu, S. (1965). The threat of suicide in psychotherapy.American Journal of Psychotherapy, 19 99.
- Beck, A. T., Schuyler, D., & Herman, I. (1974). Development of suicidal intent scales. In A. T. Beck, H. L. P. Resnik, & D. J. Lettieri (Eds.),The prediction of suicide. Bowie, Maryland: Charles Press.
- Beck, R. W., Morris, J. B., & Beck, A. T. (1974). Cross-validation of the suicidal intent scale.Psychological Reports, 34 445–446.
- Farberow, N., McKelligott, J., Cohen, S., & Darbonne, A. (1970). Suicide among cardiovascular patients. In E. S. Shneidman, N. L. Farberow, & R. E. Litman (Eds.),The psychology of suicide. New York: Science House.
- Farberow, N. L., & Shneidman, E. S. (Eds.). (1961).The cry for help. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Fox, K., & Weissman, M. (1975). Suicide attempts and drugs: Contradiction between method and intent.Social Psychiatry, 10 31–38.
- Goodstein, J. (1982).Cognitive characteristics of suicide attempters. Doctoral dissertation, Catholic University of America.
- Grollman, E. A. (1971).Suicide prevention, intervention, postvention. Boston: Beacon Press.
- Kessel, N., & McCulloch, W. (1966). Repeated acts of self-poisoning and self-injury.Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 59 89–92.
- Kovacs, M., Beck, A. T., & Weissman, A. (1975). The use of suicidal motives in the psychotherapy of attempted suicides.American Journal of Psychotherapy, 19 363–368.
- Levenson, M. (1972).Cognitive and perceptual factors in suicidal individuals. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Kansas.
- Levenson, M., & Neuringer, C. (1971). Problem solving behavior in suicidal adolescents.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 37 433–436.
- Linehan, M. (1981). A social-behavioral analysis of suicide and parasuicide: Implications for clinical assessment and treatment. In H. Glazer & J. Clarkin (Eds.),Depression: Behavioral and directive intervention strategies. New York: Garland Press.
- Linehan, M. M., Chiles, J. A., Devine, R. H., Luffaw, J. A., & Egan, K. A. (1986). Presenting problems of parasuicides versus suicide ideators and non-suicidal psychiatric patients.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54 880–881.
- Linehan, M. M., Goodstein, J. L., Nielsen, S. L., & Chiles, J. A. (1983). Reasons for staying alive when you are thinking of killing yourself: The reasons for living inventory.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51 276–286.
- Maris, R. W. (1971). Deviance as therapy: The paradox of the self-destructive female.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 12 113–124.
- Neuringer, C. (1961). Dichotomous evaluations in suicidal individuals.Journal of Consulting Psychology, 25 445–449.
- Neuringer, C. (1964). Rigid thinking in suicidal individuals.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 28 54–58.
- Olin, H. S. (1976). Psychotherapy of the chronically suicidal patient.American Journal of Psychotherapy, 30 570–575.
- Patsiokas, A., Clum, G., & Luscomb, R. (1979). Cognitive characteristics of suicide attempters.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47 478–484.
- Platt, J. J., & Spivack, G. (1972). Problem-solving thinking of psychiatric patients.Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 39 148–151. (a)
- Platt, J. J., & Spivack, G. (1974). Means of solving real-life problems: I. Psychiatric patients versus controls, and cross-cultural comparisons of normal females.Journal of Community Psychology, 2 45–48.
- Platt, J., Siegel, J., & Spivak, G. (1975). Do psychiatric patients and normals see the same solutions as effective in solving interpersonal problems?Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43 279.
- Platt, J., Spivak, G., & Bloom, M. (1971).Means-end problem solving procedure (MEPS): Manual and tentative norms. Philadelphia: Department of Health Sciences, Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital.
- Rathus, S. (1973). A 30-item schedule for assessing assertive behavior.Behavior Therapy, 4 398–406.
- Schotte, D., & Clum, G. (1982). Suicide ideation in a college population.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 50 690–696.
- Sifneos, P. (1966). Manipulative suicide.Psychiatric Quarterly, 40 525–537.
- Stengel, E. (1960). The complexity of motivations to suicidal attempts.Journal of Mental Science, 106 1388.
- Stengel, E. (1964).Suicide and attempted suicide. Baltimore: Penguin.
- Stengel, E., & Cook, N. (1958).Attempted suicide. London: Oxford University Press.
- Vinoda, K. S. (1966). Personality characteristics of attempted suicides.British Journal of Psychiatry, 112 1143–1150.
- Interpersonal problem solving and parasuicide
Cognitive Therapy and Research
Volume 11, Issue 1 , pp 1-12
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors