The Indian laburnum (Cassia fistula L.) fruit: an analysis of its chemical constituents
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The edible fruit tissue of Indian laburnum fruit (Cassia fistula L.), a member of the leguminosae family, was analyzed for certain organic compounds and mineral nutrients. Of the nine macro- and micronutrients studied, K was the most highly concentrated such that 100% of the US Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for adults could be met by the consumption of about 100 g of the fresh fruit. Na contents in pulp and seeds are relatively low. Ca content at 827 mg per 100 g of dry matter is one of the highest of any fruits, and could contribute towards the RDA requirement of 800 mg of Ca for adults per day. The fruit is a good source of Fe and Mn, and their concentrations are considerably higher than those found in apple, apricot, peach, pear, and orange. Aspartic acid, glutamic acid, and lysine constituted 15.3, 13.0, and 7.8% of the total amino acids respectively in the pulp. In the seeds the same amino acids constituted, 16.6, 19.5, and 6.6%. The relatively high energy content of the fruit at 18 kJ/g could enhance the daily energy requirement of people in need of adequate caloric intake. The results of the present study demonstrate that the Indian laburnum fruit could be a source of some important nutrients and energy for humans.
- May RM (1992) Past efforts and future prospects towards understanding how many species there are. In: Solbrig OT, van Emden HM, van Oordt PGWJ, eds. Paris: International Union of Biological Sciences, Monograph No. 8, pp. 71–81.
- Kermasha S, Barthakur NN, Alli I, Mohan NK (1987) Changes in chemical composition of the Kew cultivar of pineapple fruit during development. J Sci Food Agric 39: 317–324.
- Kermasha S, Barthakur NN, Mohan NK, Arnold NP (1987) Chemical composition and proposed use of two semi-wild tropical fruits. Food Chem 26: 253–259.
- Barthakur NN, Arnold NP (1989) Certain organic and inorganic constituents in bael (Aegle marmelos Correa) fruit. Trop Agric 66: 65–68.
- Barthakur NN, Arnold NP (1990) Chemical evaluation of Musa ‘Bhimkol’ as a baby food. J Sci Food Agric 53: 497–504.
- Barthakur NN, Arnold NP (1991) Nutritive value of the chebulic myrobalan (Terminalia chebula Retz.) and its potential as a food source. Food Chem 40: 213–219.
- Barthakur NN, Arnold NP (1991) A chemical analysis of the Indian star apple (Chrysophyllum roxburghii) fruit. J Food Comp Anal 4: 354–359.
- Barthakur NN, Arnold NP (1991) Chemical analysis of the emblic (Phyllanthus emblic L.) and its potential as a food source. Scentia Horticlturae 47: 99–105.
- Alam MM, Anis M (1987) Ethno-medicinal uses of plants growing in the Bulandshahr district of northern India. J Ethnopharm 19: 85–88.
- Kumar A, Datta SK (1988) Pharmacognosy of four leguminosae-bark drugs. Acta Horticulturae 188A: 97–102.
- Niranjan GS, Katiyar SK (1979) Chemical analysis of some wild leguminous seedsCassia fistula, indigofera spp. J Indian Chem Soc 56: 722–725.
- AOAC (1984) Official Methods of Analysis, 14th ed. Washington, DC: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
- Kallio H, Ahtonen S, Raulo J, Linko RR (1985) Identification of the sugars and acids in birch sap. J Food Sci 50: 266–269.
- Hambleton GL (1977) Semiautomated method for simultaneous determination of phosphorus, calcium, and crude protein in animal feeds. J AOAC 60: 845–852.
- Moore SD, Stein WH (1963) Chromatographic determination of amino acid by the use of automatic recording equipment. In Colowick SP, Kaplan NO, eds, Methods in enzymology, Vol. 6, pp. 819–831. New York: Academic Press.
- Moore SD, Spackman DH, Stein WH (1958) Chromatography of amino acids on sulfonated polystyrene resin. Anal Chem 30: 1185–1190.
- McBride CH (1967) Determination of secondary and minor nutrients in fertilizers by atomic absorption spectrophotometry: third collaborative study. J AOAC 50: 401–407.
- Jones JB, Jr (1969) Elemental analyses of plant leaf tissue by several laboratories. J AOAC 52: 900–903.
- Souci SW, Fachmann W, Kraut H (1986) Food Composition and Nutrition, Tables 1986/87. Stuttgart, Germany: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft, 1032 pp.
- RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances) (1989) National Research Council, 10th ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 283 pp.
- Watt KB, Merrill LA (1963) Composition of Foods, Agriculture Handbook No. 8, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 190 pp.
- Davis LR, Baigent DR, Levitt SM, Mollah Y, Rayner JC, Frensham BA (1992) Accuracy and precision of amino acid analysis. J Sci Food Agric 59: 423–436.
- The Indian laburnum (Cassia fistula L.) fruit: an analysis of its chemical constituents
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
Volume 47, Issue 1 , pp 55-62
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Chemical composition
- Indian laburnum fruit
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University-Macdonald Campus, 21,111 Lakeshore Road, H9X 3V9, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada
- 2. Research Branch, Experimental Farm, Agriculture Canada, 802 Route 344, P.O. Box 3398, J0K 1G0, L'Assomption, Quebec, Canada
- 3. Department of Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry, McGill University-Macdonald Campus, 21,111 Lakeshore Road, H9X 3V9, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada